Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease caused due to allergy to gluten. It is also referred to as gluten sensitive enteropathy. The disorder usually occurs due to gluten present in cereals and other grains. It affects a lot of organs and therefore, has many associated symptoms.To address this disease is becoming much easier due to the fact that there are many gluten free foods available in the stores or specialty stores that offer substitutes for gluten products that everybody use. Today more and more people are diagnosed with celiac disease and more people need to be educated to this disease.
If you are suffering from this digestive disorder, it means you cannot tolerate or digest gluten. If you do eat food containing gluten, it will trigger your immune system, which, in turn, will attack the lining of the small intestine. This will seriously affect the absorption of proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, folic acid, iron and calcium. In turn, you will suffer from vitamin and mineral deficiency; and there will not be sufficient vitamins and minerals to nourish the central nervous system, liver, bones and other organs of the body.
However, if the ultrasound is negative or normal and gallbladder disease is still suspected a nuclear test called biliary scintography or more commonly called HIDA scan is ordered. The basis of this test is the fact that a radiolabeled chemical is administered intravenously that is concentrated in the liver where bile is made before being stored in the gallbladder between meals. If the gallbladder is diseased it may fail to be seen on the scan due to blockage or fail to empty as expected when a hormone called cholecystokinin (CCK) is given intravenously.
CCK is present in the body and released with meals to stimulate gallbladder emptying of bile into the intestine for digestion. Typically, the gallbladder will empty a third or more of its volume when CCK is given during a HIDA scan but usually not more than 70-80%. The fraction of volume the gallbladder empties is referred to as the ejection fraction. A low ejection fraction is typical of a diseased gallbladder. Reproduction of the typical pain of gallbladder disease and a low ejection fraction are considered diagnostic of gallbladder disease in the absence of gallstones and results in a recommendation that the gallbladder be removed surgically.
Dyspepsia is a medical term for stomach upset, indigestion or gas-bloat abdominal discomfort. This commonly occurs in celiac disease. Stomach contractions have been shown to be impaired in celiac disease contributing to the bloating sensation. This is confirmed by diagnostic studies revealing poor stomach emptying. Delayed stomach emptying is frequently accompanied by low pressures in the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) of the esophagus or swallowing tube. The LES is supposed to be a barrier to regurgitation of stomach contents up into the esophagus. When stomach juice that is acidic refluxes into the esophagus a burning pain is typically felt in the chest that is described by most people as heartburn.
It is surprising that most of the people who are familiar with the topics on Celiac diseases do not know that wheat allergy and gluten intolerance are entirely different. There are many websites that refer to these terms in totally wrong contexts. There are people who refer to these terms interchangeably. Hence, it is very vital for you to identify the differences between these two specific health conditions.Most of the people would have heard that wheat allergy is very similar to the common diseases such as hay fever or allergies that happen to pets. The allergy is stimulated when basophiles or some specific white blood cells and mast cells react to Immunoglobulin E or IgE for short. Generally, wheat allergy can be treated well with an antihistamine.
World wide it seems Celiac Disease is being under diagnosed. Despite its relative ease in diagnosis, involving blood tests and a gastro-scope biopsy, it is very commonly overlooked. Doctors often mistakenly believe that it is a rare disorder, even though current statistics show it at 1% of the population (this is for the US and UK; there seems to be little other data available elsewhere). This number is assumed to be even higher amongst the many undiagnosed patients. It can also be a hereditary disease and can run in families. It also is more common in people who already have other autoimmune diseases, such as Hypothyroidism, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Addison's Disease and Type 1 Diabetes.
Gluten intolerance, whether through Celiac disease or non-Celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS), is an autoimmune disease which manifests its symptoms over time. Gluten intolerance is a systemic response to the proteins glutenin and gliadin within gluten. When unusually strong antibodies in your system react to these proteins, they attack the lining of your small intestine.
Over time, the villi along your small intestinal lining wear down and make your intestine less able to digest and absorb nutrients from your food. Despite what many people seem to think, this is not an instantaneous reaction. It can sometimes take years for symptoms to result from gluten intolerance (although most often it only takes months or even just weeks).