This article is written to take some of the mystery (and hopefully, some of the fear) from the words, “heart disease.”Although there are many different types of heart disease when someone mentions the words “heart disease” most people think of coronary heart disease first. Coronary heart disease is a “narrowing of the arteries that lead to the heart” however it is important to stress that coronary heart disease is only one form of heart disease. Cardiovascular disease is one of the most common types of heart disease. In fact, it is the number one cause of death for both men and women in the United States. Heart disease affects both the structure of the heart and the functioning of it or sometimes both. A number of conditions fall under the category of heart disease and these include coronary heart disease (which takes into account heart attacks), heart failure, heart valve disease, abnormal heart rhythms (or arrhythmias), congenital heart disease, pericardial disease, aorta disease and Marfan syndrome, heart muscle disease (or cardiomyopathy), and vascular disease (blood vessel disease). Coronary artery disease (or abbreviated to CAD) is another name for atherosclerosis or simply hardening of the arteries. It is the arteries that make it possible for nutrients and oxygen to make it to the heart. This is also one of the more common types of heart disease.The average heart beats 60 to 100 times per minute in a steady even manner. This works out to be approximately 100,000 each and every day. However for reasons unknown to the medical community, sometimes the heart falls out of rhythm. This leads to an abnormal heartbeat or an irregular heartbeat, which is known as arrhythmia. Also known as a dysrhythmia, in this cause a change takes place to the rhythm of the heart, which can lead to a heartbeat that is too fast, too slow or uneven in how it beats. This is one of the more unusual types of heart disease.The term “heart failure” is somewhat misleading. Heart failure does not mean that the heart has failed or that it has ceased to work properly. Instead it means that the pumping action of the heart is not as good as it should be. Heart failure affects an average of five million Americans every year and is the number one cause of hospitalization for individuals over the age of 65. The heart has four chambers and heart valves lie at the exit of each one and allow one-way blood flow to make its way through the heart. Heart valve disease takes place when there is a problem with any one of these heart valves. Some examples of heart valve disease include aortic stenosis, mitral valve insufficiency and mitral valve prolapse. Congenital heart disease is a problem that occurs before a baby is born and is a defect in the way the heart is structured or else in the structure of the blood vessels. Congenital heart disease sometimes does not show itself until a person is a child and in some cases, until they become an adult. Congenital heart defects affect an average of 8 out of every 1,000 babies born on an annual basis. Cardiomyopathies are diseases that occur to affect the muscle of the heart. Generally this includes heart muscles that are enlarged or else have become stiff or thickened over a period of time. Heart muscle disease makes it difficult for the heart to adequately pump blood. If it is left untreated, a cardiomyopathy will get worse as time progresses and can very often lead to both heart failure as well as abnormal heart rhythms. Pericarditis is a condition that involves the lining of the heart becoming inflamed. This is one of the more unusual types of heart disease. This condition is actually rather rare and is most often caused by one type of infection or another. The aorta is the biggest artery in the heart and a number of conditions can cause it to either tear or to widen (or dilate). Thee include the genetic condition known as Marfan Syndrome, high blood pressure, atherosclerosis, connective tissue disorders and injury. This is one of the types of heart disease that is somewhat rare.

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different types of lupus disease

10 thoughts on “Different Types Of Lupus Disease

  1. Cap10

    What are the symptoms and avalible treatments for Lupus?
    Any information, links to information, experience or suggests are welcome. They are for a close friend of mine who was recently diagnose with Lupus and is understandably a little frightened.

  2. lucy

    how long does a person live after being diagnosed with lupus?
    my brother was diagnosed with lupus or sle 2 weeks ago. we know nothing of this disease. No one in my family has ever been sick. Can you give me any information ?

  3. icantwait48

    What is lupus and how does one get lupus?
    My annoying ex-boyfriend and I got into a huge argument over what lupus really is. My dad, a physician for very sick adults, told me that lupus could be anything because it disguises itself as other diseases. My ex told me, his source being a doctor, that lupus was a skin disease and that it starts out as a skin disease. Any medical information?

    1. Anonymous

      The cause of lupus is unknown. It falls under the category of autoimmune diseases, which are noninfectious diseases where the body is believed to be, for some reason, attacking itself. There is one type of lupus which is called “discoid lupus erythematosos” which affects only the skin and is usually not very serious. The other lupus can attack MANY different areas of the body and its seriousness can go from mild to extremely severe. There is not one specific test for lupus and it can be hard to diagnose since its presentation may differ greatly from person to person and it may appear differently at different times even in the same person. Some of the more common presentations may include joint pain and swelling, chronic or intermittent low grade temperature, severe fatigue, red skin rashes (the “classic” lupus skin lesion is a red rash appearing over the nose/upper cheeks in the form of a butterfly–but of course not everyone gets that)–lupus can also affect the kidneys, the cardiovascular system, can cause blood disorders and may cause many other symptoms as well. In some cases lupus patients may experience head hair loss. If lupus is suspected, the best type of doctor to see would be a rheumatologist who would be familiar with the group of blood tests which may indicate that a person MAY have lupus–since there is no one blood test. If a person is diagnosed as having lupus, treatment would be directed at stopping the abnormal body response that is causing the patient’s symptoms–there are a number of very different types of medications which can be used to try to achieve this.I have given a very general description of a very complicated disorder and would suggest you read up on it –perhaps WEBMD would be a place to start.

  4. V U

    Can anyone or any epimediolgists help me by answeing this ?
    hi am trying to do a research on a chronic illness called Lupus.
    i am trying to to study and learn about it. so as an epidemiologist how would you set up this study. What is recommended for me to do, because in the future i plan to pursue a carrer in epidemiology. so as an epidemiologist how would you set up this study and data.

    1. Gumdrop Girl

      I’m an epidemiologist, but my forte is infectious disease, so I admit I don’t know much about lupus. But the methodology is the same.

      There are a lot of different types of epidemiological studies. The simplest is a descriptive epidemiological study. You could do this now with the knowledge you have. All you have to do is find a population of lupus sufferers, describe their symptoms and describe their demographic characteristics (age, sex, race, socioeconomic status, location, etc.).

      The best kind of epidemiologiscal study is also the hardest to do: a cohort study. It’s a study design that requires you to follow a group of subjects for a period of time, often years and years. Problem is, subjects quit, researchers get other jobs and so forth. Keeping a long-term cohort study going is difficult to say the least. If you want to study a cohort for lupus, you start with a group of folks with a common trait or exposure. Then you watch them over the study period to see how many of them get lupus. Then you record your observations about how many of them got lupus and then extrapolate why.

      A case-control study is kind of the reverse of a cohort study. You take a group of people with lupus (cases), then select a group of people without lupus (controls) and then try to figure out what the difference is between the two groups that results in one group getting lupus and not the other.

      Will describe ecological studies and cross-sectional studies later when I have more time. Stay tuned.

      And that’s cool that you’re already thinking of epidemiology as a career. Most of us epis fall into it kind of accidentally — the joke is that we’re all a bunch of fallen pre-meds. I know I am 🙂

  5. Melanie Jackson

    Can Anyone Explain To Me What Lupus Is?
    My aunt was recently diagnosed with Lupus and apparently it had gone undiagnosed for ten years or so. Nobody would explain to me what it actually was, so I came here to try and see if someone could help.

    1. Jesse M

      Lupus is a disease in which your immune system–antibodies that protect us from diseases caused by germ invasions, etc.–become confused and attack your own body. Where they attack is a matter of chance, really, and what symptoms or problems you have depend on what part is under attack. Lungs and kidneys are 2 common places that it can show up.

      It is very treatable, once it is diagnosed. Although you may read in some places that it can be fatal, except in extremely rare cases, it isn’t. Twenty or thirty years ago, it was a different story, so older articles, especially, will make it sound dire.

      A rheumatologist is the type of doctor who would diagnose it, although others can, too, including basic testing by your primary. It does run in families and some ethnic groups and ages/gender get it more often. (Female, 30’s, African-American is one such–but again, it’s rare.) Lots of much less serious problems can mimic the symptoms, so if you’re worried, talk to your physician. If you need a rheumatologist, he/she can refer you.

  6. mommie09

    what do you call a person who says that have different types of diseases to get attention?
    My mother says she has lupus and she tested negative for it, but she still tells people that she has it. she also says she has fibromyalgia, macular degeneration, and a ton of other diseases. and when doctors try to give her medicine for it she says that she is allergic. I don’t feel bad for her anymore when she tell me she is not feeling good. Am I a bad daughter for thinking that?

    1. Survivor

      Hypochondriac or I think Munchaesen Syndrome?? For some people that is the only way they know how to get some attention, just like bad kids, sometimes they are acting out purely for attention. Try paying special attention to her, don’t feed into the lies, but ask how she’s feeling or something and see if that helps the situation. You only have one mother, so do your best to help her when you can:)

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