The heart muscle needs a constant supply of oxygen-rich blood. The coronary arteries (see Biology of the Heart and Blood Vessels: Blood Supply of the Heart), which branch off the aorta just after it leaves the heart, deliver this blood. Coronary artery disease can block blood flow, causing chest pain (angina) or a heart attack (also called myocardial infarction, or MI).

Coronary artery disease was once widely thought to be a man's disease. On average, men develop it about 10 years earlier than women because, until menopause, women are protected by high levels of estrogen. However, after menopause, coronary artery disease becomes more common among women. Among people aged 75 and older, a higher proportion of women have the disease, because women live longer.

In developed countries, coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death in both men and women. Coronary artery disease, specifically coronary atherosclerosis (literally “hardening of the arteries,” which involves fatty deposits in the artery walls and may progress to narrowing and even blockage of blood flow in the artery), occurs in about 5 to 9% (depending on sex and race) of people aged 20 and older. The death rate increases with age and overall is higher for men than for women, particularly between the ages of 35 and 55. After age 55, the death rate for men declines, and the rate for women continues to climb. After age 70 to 75, the death rate for women exceeds that for men who are the same age.


Coronary artery disease is almost always due to the gradual buildup of cholesterol and other fatty materials (called atheromas or atherosclerotic plaques) in the wall of a coronary artery. This process is called atherosclerosis (see Atherosclerosis) and can affect many arteries, not just those of the heart.

Occasionally, however, coronary artery disease is caused by spasm of a coronary artery, which can occur spontaneously, or from use of certain drugs such as cocaine and nicotine. Rarely, the cause is a birth defect, a viral infection (such as Kawasaki disease), systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus), inflammation of the arteries (arteritis), a blood clot that traveled from a heart chamber into one of the coronary arteries, or physical damage (from an injury or radiation therapy).

As an atheroma grows, it may bulge into the artery, narrowing the interior (lumen) of the artery and partially blocking blood flow. With time, calcium accumulates in the atheroma. As an atheroma blocks more and more of a coronary artery, the supply of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle (myocardium) can become inadequate. The blood supply is more likely to be inadequate during exertion, when the heart muscle requires more blood. An inadequate blood supply to the heart muscle (from any cause) is called myocardial ischemia. If the heart does not receive enough blood, it can no longer contract and pump blood normally.

An atheroma, even one that is not blocking very much blood flow, may rupture suddenly. The rupture of an atheroma often triggers the formation of a blood clot (thrombus). The clot further narrows or completely blocks the artery, causing acute myocardial ischemia. The consequences of this acute ischemia are referred to as acute coronary syndromes (see Coronary Artery Disease: Acute Coronary Syndromes (Heart Attack; Myocardial Infarction; Unstable Angina)). These syndromes include unstable angina and several types of heart attack, depending on the location and degree of the blockage. In a heart attack, the area of the heart muscle supplied by the blocked artery dies.

Find powerful herbal remedies Herbal Treatment for Coronary Artery Disease

Herbal Remedies for Heart Care:

Ginger (Zingiber officinale) has a tonic effect on the heart, lowers cholesterol and inhibits blood platelet collection. Ayurvedic physicians suggest that eating a little bit of ginger every day will help to prevent heart attack.

Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna) Arjuna is a coronary vasodilator. It protects the heart, strengthens circulation, and helps to maintain the tone and health of the heart muscle. It is also useful in stopping bleeding and to promote healing after a heart attack. Current scientific research has proved that T.arjuna contains specific medically active constituents namely triterpine glycosides like arjunetosides I, II, III, IV, arjunine and arjunetein. Bark of Arjuna tree has been found to be rich in Co-enzyme Q-10 which is highly prescribed in cardiology departments now a days to prevent heart problems

Garlic (Allium sativum), (Lasuna) Garlic is a wonder drug for heart. Clinical trials have shown that fresh garlic and garlic supplements may lower cholesterol levels, prevent blood clots, and destroy plaque. When people with high blood pressure were given one clove of garlic a day for 12 weeks, their diastolic blood pressure and cholesterol levels were significantly reduced.

Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) A unique herb with anti-stress adaptogenic action that leads to better physical fitness and helps cope with life's daily stress. It is especially beneficial in stress related disorders such as arthritis, hypertension, diabetes, general debility.

Guggul (Commiphora mukul) It has been shown to lower blood-fat levels while raising levels of HDL, the so called “good cholesterol”. It is useful in atherosclerosis, psoriasis and cardiac ischemia.

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disease lupus named after wolf

24 thoughts on “Disease Lupus Named After Wolf

  1. icarus_imbued

    Where dose the disease “lupus” get its name?
    I know the full medical term for the disease/condition is systemic lupus erythematosus (that’s a mouth full, eh?). But I don’t get the lupus part. I know “lupus” is Latin for “wolf”, and I just don’t see a connection between a painful, inflammatory, body tissue damaging disease and a wolf. Anyone (especially you medics) know the history or linguistic basis for this disease?

  2. Daisyhill

    Today I heard a woman calling her child and his name was?
    Lupus! He was about 8…and she said “Lupus! Come here now!” I could’t believe it…it’s a blinking disease! Lupus is a disease of the immune system…she was kind of like a rock chick…and I suspect that she took Lupus as the original meaning…Wolf….but did no one say to her… cant call him that it’s a disease! It’s like calling your kid Laryngitis….or Gout!

    1. Due April 2, 2011

      Just because it means more than one thing doesn’t make it wrong. It’s a latin word, though it is odd it’s not that bad because it has multiple meanings.

      You took it as the disease probably just because you don’t like the name or think she shouldn’t have named her child such; someone who likes the sound of the name would associate it with “Wolf”.

  3. Chirpaholic

    Awesome male dog name…any suggestions?
    I’m looking for an awesome name for a male dog. I’d like something fun. Any suggestions are greatly appreciated. Best name gets 10pts.

    1. ZJenEration

      Rough (just for fun, imagine calling him)
      Some famous guitar player (Hendrix sounds pretty sweet)
      Santa’s little helper.
      Lupus (okay maybe not because most people will think of the disease before the latin name for wolf)
      Kävik (wiki it for the novel about it)
      Pavlov (pretty common name for a dog though)

      Usually something with a K sound makes it sound pretty awesome for a male dog.


    Scars on Seal’s face?
    Where do all those scars on Seal’s face come from?

    And what do you think about Heidi Klum’s relationship with him?

    1. Hapali Hipo

      Seal Samuel (born 19 February 1963 in London, England) is a three-time Grammy Award-winning Afro-European soul vocalist and songwriter. He is professionally known only by his first name, Seal.

      Born Seal Henry Olusegun Olumide Adeola Samuel, in London, England, his parents were Adebisi Samuel, a Nigerian immigrant, and Francis Samuel, an African-Brazilian immigrant. A childhood battle with discoid lupus left him with distinctive facial scarring and hair loss. He studied architecture and engineering in school.

      Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE or lupus) is a chronic autoimmune disease that is potentially debilitating and sometimes fatal as the immune system attacks the body’s cells and tissue, resulting in inflammation and tissue damage. SLE can affect any part of the body, but most often harms the heart, joints, skin, lungs, blood vessels, liver, kidneys and nervous system. The course of the disease is unpredictable, with periods of illness (called flares) alternating with remission. Lupus can occur at any age, but is most common in women and particularly non-Caucasian women. Lupus is treatable symptomatically, mainly with corticosteroids and immunosuppressants, though as of 2007 there is no cure. The origins of the name are uncertain, but may derive from a characteristic reddish rash that purportedly resembles a wolf’s face.


      As for his relationship with heidi Klum and other super models, I guess when they say love is blind they are right, or in this case Love is blind and stupid!
      On one side you have one of the most beautiful women alive with the most perfect body and on the other hand you have this freak of nature!
      Go Figure!
      I just hope thid disease is not Genetic!

    1. hojopa

      not definitely or precisely determined or fixed : vague not known in advance — not leading to a definite end or result

      They look at different things in order to determine if you have it or not. They do not have a specific test. The medical field is working on a better way to determine and diagnose lupus, fiber myalgia and other auto immune disorders. One sign that is common is the butterfly rash they call it the sign of the wolf- reddness across the nose and checks/ face, it was named after sign.
      Tendor thumb fat pads, fatigue, ANA, blood work joints hurting… They diagnose you IF you have a certain amount of the following but it isn’t a percise science YET… hope this is of help:
      If you have lupus (systemic lupus erythematosus, or SLE), you may be extremely tired, have skin rashes, or have joint pain. If the disease is more serious, you may have problems with your kidneys, heart, lungs, blood, or nervous system.

      Lupus symptoms depend on what body organs are affected and how seriously they are affected.

      Fatigue: About 90% of people with lupus have mild to extreme fatigue.

      Even mild cases of lupus cause an inability to engage in daily activities and exercise.

      Increased fatigue is a classic sign that a symptom flare is about to occur. About 95% of people with lupus have joint pain (arthritis) at some time. About 70% of people with lupus report that joint and muscle pain was their first sign of the disease.

      Joints may be red and warm, and may swell. Morning stiffness may also be felt. Lupus arthritis often occurs on both sides of the body at the same time, particularly in the wrists, small joints of the hands, elbows, knees, and ankles.

      Skin problems: Most people with lupus develop skin rashes. These rashes are often an important clue to the diagnosis. In addition to the butterfly rash over the cheeks and bridge of the nose, other common skin symptoms include skin sores or flaky red spots on the arms, hands, face, neck, or back; mouth or lip sores; and a scaly, red, or purple raised rash on the face, neck, scalp, ears, arms, and chest.

      Sensitivity to light: Exposure to ultraviolet light (such as sunlight or tanning parlors) typically worsens the skin rash and can trigger lupus flares. Sensitivity to light affects more than 50% of those with lupus, with fair-skinned people with lupus tending to be more sensitive.

      Nervous system symptoms: The majority of people with lupus develop nervous system problems, most commonly headaches, depression, or anxiety. Memory loss is less common. Heart problems: People with lupus may develop inflammation of the heart sac (pericarditis), which may cause severe, sudden pain in the center of the left side of the chest that may spread to the neck, back, shoulders, or arms.
      Mental health problems: People with lupus may develop problems such as anxiety and depression. Such problems can be caused by lupus, the medications used to treat it, or the stress of coping with chronic illness.
      Fever: About 80% of people with lupus will sometimes have a low-grade fever related to the disease. Over a third of people with lupus report that fever was a first sign of the disease.
      Changes in weight: About 60% of people with lupus lose weight when their disease is active (flaring).
      Hair loss: Up to 50% of people with lupus experience periods of hair loss, either in patches or spread evenly over the head. This hair loss is usually not permanent.
      Swollen glands: Up to 50% of people with lupus eventually develop swollen lymph glands during a flare.
      Raynaud’s phenomenon: This condition is present in about 20% of people with lupus. It affects the small vessels that supply blood to the skin and the soft tissues under the skin of the fingers and toes, causing them to turn white and/or blue or red. The skin affected will feel numb, tingly, and cold to the touch.
      Inflammation of blood vessels in the skin (cutaneous vasculitis): Inflammation or bleeding from the blood vessels can lead to small or large blue spots or small reddish spots on the skin or nail beds.
      There are other conditions

      Some people have organ threatening and non-organ threatening… You can go into remission

      See an endocrinologist – they are well informed and up to date.
      There is treatment out there regardless!
      Hang in there,
      hope this helps!!!

  5. FoX

    How did the Lupus disease get its name?
    ok.. I know that Lupus is Wolf in Latin. But how did the disease, lupus get its name? Was it named after the wolf? I know that both people and dogs can get lupus, .. and I’ve just been wondering how and when the disease got it’s name?

  6. 12345

    i need election party names our symbol is the wolf (which repreasents a pack/ togetherness) and our party platform is -human rights
    – environment
    – immigration
    – healthcare

  7. Gingerjam B

    Male and Female wolf names needed?
    Here are some of my own;
    Cruentis (‘blood-thirsty’ in latin)
    Ethelwulf (means ‘noble wolf’)

    Which do you think are male/female which are good/bad? Can you contribute your own names preferably not the 2000names website thing because everyone says that.

    Thanks, Iook forward to your critizism and whatever wolfish names you come up with 😀

  8. Rocky

    Who can give me descriptions of lupins and vulpins?
    I was reading about mythical creatures and I came across lupins and vulpins but there wasn’t much info on them. Something about them interested me though, so I was wondering if someone could give me a description.

    1. abnormal

      Lupus(not the disease) refers to the scientific name for animals from the wolf family. Vulpes refers to the scientific name for animals related to foxes. You also see wolves or animals that look like wolves referred to as lupine and foxes or fox like animals referred to as vulpine. My best guess is that the two creatures you came across could be werewolves and werefoxes. Or they could just be some sort of supernatural wolf or fox creatures.

    1. Bonecrusher

      Lupus is an autoimmune disease that generally affects women and in almost every case diagnosed has been accompinied by arthritus. People with lupus are generally more prone to illness because their immune system is too busy attacking it’s own organs. It sees those organs as an outsider and a threat to the body. There is no known cure for the disease though there are a few extreme studies going on right now.

      Some cases of Lupus (named so because a version of lupus creates a wolf like mask) do affect facial features as well. In a lot of cases lupus will go into remission so when you actually see someone with lupus you won’t think they are sick. People with lupus generally suffer from depression as well because there is nothing they can do to prevent the disease progression.

      In it’s last stages lupus will begin attacking the vital organs of the body such as the heart, lung, liver, and kidneys.

      My mother has suffered from lupus for nearly 18 years now. When she was first diagnosed they gave her 7 years to live. She’s been fighting and going through a lot of treatments, had surgeries and come very close to the end on several occasions. But she’s still here…she has many worse days than she does good days now as her lungs do not function but at about a 40 percent capacity.

    1. JS

      Some conditions and diseases are named after the people who discovered them, or after specific symptoms. (Lupus is so named because in ancient Greece doctors thought the rash on the face of a sufferer looked like a wolf bite. Hodgkin’s Disease, which is a form of cancer, was named for the person who discovered it.) Many medical terms come from the “ancient” languages – Latin and Greek. What happens is that several word parts are joined together to specifically describe what is going on.

      “algia” is a suffix that means pain. “myo” (in this case the o is dropped because there’s another vowel right after it) is muscle. “fibro” refers to connective tissues like tendons and ligaments. Hence, fibromyalgia means pain in the muscles and connective tissue.

      “arthro” means joints, and “itis” means inflammation. Arthritis is inflammation of the joints. Again, two terms joined to describe what’s going on.

      Although they have not found a cure for this potentially severe, debilitating condition, it’s pretty easy to see what the symptoms are, and that’s where they got the name.

  9. JACKI

    Any input from both sides on home made dog food?
    Since my puppy got a possible ulcer I have looked up all info on different dog foods and have found it seems to be healthier. This is where I feel controversial, because (1) human food is not supposed to be good for dogs, (2) there are a lot of chemicals and crap in our food too, (3) I heard human food has too much fat, and (4) there are different opinions on whether the meat should be cooked or not, what about diseases found in meats unless cooked to proper temp? I looked up a recipe I want to try that consists of ground hamburger (5lbs), ground turkey (3 lbs), and chicken (3 lbs) as well as rice (3cups), potatoes(2), chicken broth(3 cups), and carrots (5lbs). For those of you that do believe in making dog food at home, how does this recipe sound? Also, how much do you feed your dogs of this (in cups) and how much do they weigh? I appreciate any help, I would like to hear thoughts on the subject. Thanks all!

    1. Kathleen

      Dogs are wolves. Species name for wolves is canis lupus, The word “dog” is the common term for what is termed canis lupus familiaris.

      We humans have been doing a lot of genetic manipulation of canis lupus for thousands of years.

      We have been selectively breeding wolves which had found that being around humans is a pretty good meal ticket.

      The original wolves that were brave enough (or desperate enough due to lack of food) would follow our ancient ancestors taking advantage of any “leftovers” that the humans did not consume.

      Eventually there came a point where wolves became part of the human pack and they traveled together.

      Did wolves evolve into dogs? No, did humans actually selectively encourage breeding for certain traits, such as size, color, temperament. Yes, very likely.

      Are wolves and dogs still the same species? Yes, the definition of a species is that if two organisms breed and their offspring are capable of having offspring, then they are the same species.

      (counter example: If you breed a horse with a donkey, you will have a mule. Are horses and donkeys the same species ~~ No, mules are incapable of having offspring.)

      Now is raw feeding Best? Yes. Dogs, being wolves have different digestive enzymes than humans.

      For example Dogs should Never be given Cooked Bones ~ they will splinter and can damage the dog’s digestive tract.

      Raw bones are fine, dogs do have digestive enzymes that do handle raw bone matrix. Dogs love the rich marrow within raw bones and will savor their bones at every meal. ~~ If you inspect their scat (waste product) following their consuming a raw bone you may see small white bone chips, or very often a white powder distributed among the feces as natural waste product.

      Commercial Dog Foods are full of lots of carbohydrate filler, and Dog Treats are practically pure sugar. There is an epidemic in dogs with diabetes, now. Dogs having diabetes and taking insulin injections was unheard of until this high carbohydrate Dry Dog Food and “treat business”.

      My beautiful German pinscher is on raw meat now and what a difference I have seen! High energy, super shiny coat, her teeth are whiter than white and she is… well, just the most perfect dog in the world!

      She eats primarily raw beef, I prefer she has whole cuts, not ground beef. She loves lamb ribs, the bones are very digestible.

      I feed her COOKED chicken and hamburger ~~ I was an Environmental Health Specialist “Health Inspector”, and the trouble with uncooked Hamburger is e.coli (0157:H7) which can induce kidney problems. Raw Chicken and Turkey can carry bacteria such as staphylococcus and salmonella. These can cause foodborne illness that can give your dog diarrhea.

      Wolves are omnivores, and in the wild they will eat certain plants and grasses. These fiber sources help them with any elimination issues. My dog gets about a half a cup of peas and cubed carrots each day. I buy the generic frozen package and microwave them for about 30 seconds) ~~ She is very regular and very energetic.

      Research Commercial Dog Foods, dry or canned. They are so full of carbohydrates, (wheat, corn, rice, etc) . Remember that wolves (dogs) are primarily carnivores; occasionally they will eat some plant matter such as wild grasses. (Not exactly the “breakfast cereal” you find in commercial dog food).

      For your consideration… here’s to all our pets being their healthiest!

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