Doxycycline is an effective broad spectrum antibiotic, a member of the tetracycline group of antibiotics. The drug was clinically invented by Pfizer Inc. in the early 1960s and is marketed by the company under the brand name Vibramycin.
Now Doxycycline is also available from other pharmaceutical companies under different brand names such as Periostat, Vibra-Tabs, Oracea, Doryx, Vibrox, Adoxa, Monodox, Microdox, Doxyhexal, Doxylin, Doxoral and Atridox (topical doxycycline hyclate for periodontitis).
Doxycycline can be effectively used for treating infections caused by certain bacteria. The drug may be used in combination with other medicines to treat certain amoeba infections. It may also be used to prevent or slow the progression of anthrax after exposure. The drug is a tetracycline antibiotic that works by slowing the growth of bacteria. Slowing bacteria’s growth allows the body’s immune system to destroy the bacteria.
The drug carries a number of side effects Doxycycline may cause photosensitivity skin reactions for those intending long-term use for malaria prophylaxis because it can cause permanent sensitive and thin skin. Unlike some other members of the tetracycline group, it may be used in those with renal impairment. Previously, it was also believed that the drug impairs the effectiveness of many types of hormonal contraception due to CYP450 induction. Recent research has shown no significant loss of effectiveness.
Utmost care needs to be taken before starting Doxycycline it may not be suitable for pregnant or breast feeding women. It may also interact with certain prescription or non-prescription drugs, herbal medicines or dietary pills. The drug is also sensitive to a no. of allergies, foods and substances. One should also avoiding taking the drug in case of diarrhea, a stomach or intestinal infection, a history of lupus, or the blood disease porphyries.
In spite of the drug carrying a no. of side effects, Doxycycline is known to be a very effective treatment against various infections. It is a broad spectrum antibiotic used for treating a no. of conditions. However, it is a prescription drug, should only be taken after consulting the registered healthcare professional.