There is such a thing as the revocation of parole for committing a new crime. Authors George Cole and Christopher Smith of the book 'Criminal Justice in America' cited what was written in 'What Americans Think', that is, the fact that there is strong support given to the possibility of sending back parolees to prison once they fail drug testing.

If you are currently on probation (or a parolee) then you would certainly have questions about this procedure. In this regard, it pays to take a look at the following facts about drug testing if you are on probation:

# 1 – Drug testing for parolees is made for a purpose.

It is more than just that aspect of sending a parolee back to prison if they failed the drug test. Drug screening when you are on probation is purposely done by the parole agent to supplement the aspects of support and control as parts of parole supervision. As cited by a report published via CDCR by the State of California Department of the Youth Authority, the primary intention of the test is to increase public safety and reduce the parolee's criminal behavior.

In the report made by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, it was noted that in 1998, there were 7 out of 10 inmates who were tested positive for drug use. This is quite alarming as we all know since drug use may result to other crimes such as theft, robbery and even drug trafficking.

# 2 – Parole drug testing policies may vary from one state to another

Just recently, California eases its parole process by no longer conducting random drug tests among parolees. According to Thomas Atkins of the Associated Press in his article published via CorrectionsOne, the budget crisis in the place was one factor that affected the need to loosen up a bit on parole provision. One aspect that was sacrificed is the need to conduct random drug testing on parolees.

While this is the case in this state, it is not the same thing for parolees of Texas and Rhode Island. In Texas alone, parolees have seen the positive aspect of drug testing thus making sure that it is imposed in the state. In the case of Rhode Island, regular drug testing for parolees is also being required. Basically, the PO supervises the process closely and contacts family members, employers or all others concerned just to make sure that the purpose of the test will be delivered.

# 3 – False positive results may transpire during the course of the drug testing process.

Several drug testing methods may be used when you are on probation. The most popular ones are urine, sweat, hair and saliva drug tests. While these methods are supported by new drug testing technologies, you should take note that false positive results may take place. A false positive result is one wherein you are tested positive for a drug use when in fact you have not used an illicit drug.

As mentioned by Diane Riley in her article entitled Drug Testing for Prisons, these false positives may result from one's intake of allergy and asthma medications. When the urine method is used, switching of urine specimen (from 'unadulterated' to 'adulterated urine) may also be the case. This happens when someone else in the prison wants to make sure your parole will be revoked.

# 4 – Sanctions will be given in case your drug test shows positive results.

Immediate revocation of parole is the toughest sanction you can face when you are tested positive for drug use. Add to this, the Probation and Parole Bureau of the Department of Corrections also specifies the following sanctions for offenders:

Minimum sanctions for first-time offenders. This will include one-three days in jail at own expense, restricted travel, curfew, community service and day reporting program.

Second-time offenders. The sanctions will include electronic monitoring, one to five days in jail, restricted travel, increased reporting, increased testing, curfew, community service and day reporting.

Third-time offenders. Sanctions will increase to: (1) 7 days in jail at own expense; (2) 90 AA's in 90 days; (3) day reporting; and (4) intermittent jail which may include weekends in prison.

Now that you have known some facts about drug testing if you are on probation, it will be easier submitting yourself to the test. If in case you will have false positive results, elevate your concern to proper authorities.

About the author:

Source: http://www.sooperarticles.com/health-fitness-articles/drugs-articles/4-things-know-about-drug-testing-if-you-probation-255247.html


is there a positive test for lupus

16 thoughts on “Is There A Positive Test For Lupus

  1. Sweet Pea

    What does it mean to have a possible positive lupus test?
    I have been having serious joint pain for some time now. My doctor tested me for arthritis, RA, and lupus. He said the test came back as a possible positive for lupus and he is sending me to a Rheumatologist for further testing. Does this mean they just don’t know or does it mean they are sending me for a confirmation? Has anybody had this happen to them?

    1. gpk.gr

      Dear Sweat Pea,
      the diagnosis of rheumatic diseases and specially systemic lupus erythematosus is based on clinical findings and past medical history. Laboratory values are use mainly for confirmation and sometimes to estimate disease activity. Please be patient until you visit your rheumatologist. As a specialist he will guide you through the differential diagnostic of arthritis (over 200 types!). I’m pretty sure you will feel frustrated after the first visit but afterwards you will begin to built a relationship with your rheumatologist based on his ability to understand your complaints and relieve your pain. Feel free to contact me and ask again!

  2. roxemarie

    Is it possible to have lupus even though non of your family has lupus?
    I have tested positive for lupus, and I have many lupus symptoms. My doctors believe I may have lupus, but I have not been officially diagnosed with lupus. All of my family members are very healthy. No one in my family has any illnesses. No one in my family has ever had any type of autoimmune disease. I am the first and only person. Is this possible and how could this be?

  3. Cassia

    Is there anyway I can get tested for lupus without my fathers consent?
    I’m currently 15, and my father won’t get me tested for lupus even though my mother has it. I show signs of Lupus, and my mother wants to get me tested (my parents are divorced) what should I do? How can I get these tests done, just to be sure, without my fathers consent? Is there anyway?
    I have no “doctor”, and i have these symptoms:
    Painful or swollen joints and muscle pain
    Unexplained fever
    Red rashes, most commonly on the face
    Chest pain upon deep breathing
    Extreme fatigue
    And Swelling (edema) in legs
    mouth ulcers

  4. befuddled

    Would someone with Lupus be willing to tell me more about the disease?
    I tested positive for Lupus, but don’t appear to have any symptoms. I’ve looked it up on line, I’m not looking for those kinds of answers. I’ve read about the symptoms and things. I guess I want to hear from people who have it, what do you deal with? What are your symptoms? How has it affected your life? Thank you for your help.

    Serious answers only, please.

    1. reifguy

      first i dont have it,second since u tested but asymptomatic i suggest u confirm becoz lupus is more of symptomatic before tests come positive ,on the long run some get many complicatiosn and problems so better u get regular examination and follow up with a rheumatologist

  5. Ash W

    How do autoimmune disease affect fertility and pregnancy?
    I would like to start trying for a baby next year. I have chronic erticaria and raynauds, and I have been tested for lupus twice and recieved a low positive result. I am really worried.

    I haven’t spoken to my GP about it yet but will soon. I just want some more opinions. Especialy from people in similar positions

    1. andijxo

      I have MS – for a psychotic moment a couple years ago I thought I wanted to have a baby (I got over it pretty fast – but still) I spoke with my neurologist and my GP – both of them said having a baby shouldn’t be a problem.

      Definitely talk to your doctor – sometimes the issue isn’t “can I get pregnant – it’s should I get pregnant.”

      Your doctor can best help you answer that question.

  6. dumbbrunnett88

    What blood tests can be used to diagnose Lupus?
    I am almost positive that I have lupus, as I have almost every one of the symptoms. My doctor also thinks that i may have lupus, but every time i get a blood test, everything is negative. What tests can be used to diagnose lupus? Because i want to find out for sure if this is what I have
    I was already diagnosed with fibromylagia but my symptoms go beyond just that. I have also been tested numerous times for Lyme disease and other rheumatic diseases, all coming out negative.

    1. eabena

      Raised ESR. Reduced white cells, reduced lymphocytes, and/or reduced platelets. Serum antinuclear antibodies (ANA) is positive in almost all cases. Double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) is specific to lupus but is only present in 50% cases. Anti-Ro and anti-La can also be detected. 25% patients have rheumatoid factor. Reduced serum complement levels during active disease.

  7. Battlebatty

    How can I tell the difference between Fifth disease and Lupus?
    I have red blotches on my face, some minor rashes and i had a few ulcers last week, I just recently developed the blotches.
    My parents think I might have lupus.
    I have never been so scared in my life.

    1. SleepyRadish

      Fifth disease is something children get. Classic Lupus symptoms are: butterfly rash (redness on cheeks and across bridge of nose), sores in the nose or mouth, fatigue, joint pain, and dry mouth. Go see your family doctor. He can initiate some of the testing. A positive ANA (blood test) with a negative RA (blood test to show arthritic inflammation) would indicate Lupus. If he thinks you have it, he can refer you to a Rheumatologist. Please don’t be afraid. I was diagnosed with Lupus over 18 years ago. I take daily medication that keeps things under control.
      Anyway, it might be something else! Go get checked out, so you can quit worrying. Best of luck to you.

  8. Ash W

    How do autoimmune disease affect fertility and pregnancy?
    I would like to start trying for a baby next year. I have chronic erticaria and raynauds, and I have been tested for lupus twice and recieved a low positive result. I am really worried.

    1. .

      Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus) may appear for the first time, worsen, or become less severe during pregnancy. How a pregnancy affects the course of lupus cannot be predicted, but the most common time for flare-ups is immediately after delivery.

      Women who develop lupus often have a history of repeated miscarriages, fetuses that do not grow as much as expected, and preterm delivery. If women have complications due to lupus (such as kidney damage or high blood pressure), the risk of death for the fetus or newborn is increased.

      In pregnant women, lupus antibodies may cross the placenta to the fetus. As a result, the fetus may have a very slow heart rate, anemia, a low platelet count, or a low white blood cell count. However, these antibodies gradually disappear over several weeks after the baby is born, and the problems they cause resolve except for the slow heart rate.

      Autoimmune Disorders: The abnormal antibodies produced in autoimmune disorders can cross the placenta and cause problems in the fetus. Miscariage often happen in 1st and 2nd trimester of pregnancy. Pregnancy affects different autoimmune disorders in different ways.

      Raynaud’s comes in two forms. One is Raynaud’s disease, which occurs in isolation. The other is Raynaud’s phenomenon, which occurs in conjunction with other diseases, including scleroderma, a hardening and shrinking of the skin; lupus, a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the skin, joints, kidneys, nervous system and mucous membranes; and rheumatoid arthritis. Raynaud’s phenomenon also commonly occurs in people who use vibrating or hammering tools or instruments
      It’s not known why more women than men have Raynaud’s, but women get autoimmune diseases such as scleroderma and lupus more than men do, and Raynaud’s often develops with these.

      Pregnancy often aggravating urticaria.

      Your condition is very complicated.But there are many worst condition. Baby are worthed, every women ready to sacrifice almost everything to have baby. You might need ask your family to support you, get as many information as you can, and very important to cooperate with your physicians. Select them carefully. We want you and your future babies to be safe.

      Best wishes.

  9. Ruth

    Do all people diagnosed with the disease Lupus test positive to lupus anticoagulant as well?
    I know that a positive lupus anticoagulant test doesn’t mean that a person has Lupus, but i wonder if people with lupus have the lupus anticoagulant too?

    1. Shadow

      well i have lupus and to answer your question lupus anticoagulants are often found in people who have systematic lupus erythematosus, which is also called SLE.

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