Chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis or autoimmune thyroiditis is one of the most common thyroid diseases. It affects 10-12% of the population. Female domination is net, ratio women / men is 9/1 in one of the most common clinical manifestations of this disease, so-called Hashimoto's
Autoimmune thyroiditis encompasses several entities: the form of goitre (Hashimoto's thyroiditis have mentioned above), lymphocytic thyroiditis of child and adolescent, called atrophic thyroiditis, the quiet (no special clinical manifestations found by usually on the occasion of thyroid exploration), post partum thyroiditis (encountered in 2-7% of pregnant women), focal thyroiditis (localized only in the thyroid area).
Thyroiditis is often associated with other autoimmune diseases with the same autoimmune pathogenesis: diabetes mellitus, adrenal insufficiency, pituitary, hypo parathyroid, vitiligo, Biermer anemia, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, dermatomyositis, polymyositis, myasthenia, etc.
Silent thyroiditis may have an autoimmune origin. It is associated with transient release of thyroid hormone excess and low radio-iodine caption. It may meet both in women (not related to pregnancy), and men. Hypothyroidism is not permanent. Autoimmune thyroiditis, especially Hashimoto thyroiditis is more common in people with various autoimmune diseases.
Pathogenic factors in autoimmune thyroiditis are genetic predisposition, combined with specific triggers. Cell-mediated autoimmunity, humoral autoimmunity and genetic predisposition play a role in autoimmune thyroiditis. Genetic predisposition along with environmental factors is required for activation of the autoimmune process. Autoimmune thyroiditis is more common in women than in men because of genetic and hormonal factors. Diet high in iodine has a clear role. Smoking increases the risk of hypothyroidism in Hashimoto's thyroiditis and the risk of ophthalmopathy in Grave's disease. Stress can also have a role in autoimmune thyroiditis. Various cytokines are involved in the development of autoimmune thyroiditis. Interferon-a, IL-2, colony stimulating factor by macrophages can induce autoimmune thyroiditis.
Autoimmune thyroiditis and reproductive function
Thyroid hormones play an important role in reproductive function, both through direct effects on the ovaries and indirectly through interactions with sex hormones (estradiol, progesterone). There's long known the effect of hypothyroidism on the female reproductive system. These patients may experience oligomenorrhea, menometroragy, and anovulatory menstrual cycles. Furthermore, patients with untreated hypothyroidism have a high rate of failure in obtaining pregnancy even using methods of assisted reproduction (IVF). This group of patients is still only the tip of the iceberg. Numerous studies have shown a strong association between the presence of autoimmune thyroiditis in patients with normal thyroid function and disease generating infertility (endometriosis, ovarian micro polycystic syndrome, primary ovarian failure) and an increased rate of recurrent spontaneous abortions. Significant efforts have been made to find a way to prevent miscarriage in patients with autoimmune thyroiditis. The best results were obtained after administration of levothyroxine (euthyrox) – even for the group of patients with normal thyroid function and autoimmune thyroiditis.
The cause of hypothyroidism during pregnancy is autoimmune thyroiditis. Many patients with autoimmune thyroiditis develop during pregnancy a state of hypothyroidism (insufficient thyroid function) from a state of normal thyroid function. Thus hypothyroidism may develop or worsen during pregnancy. Pregnant patients with hypothyroidism are at increased risk of miscarriage, anemia, gestational hypertension, placental abruption, preterm delivery, postpartum hemorrhage. Beyond obstetrical complications, deficit of thyroid hormones in the mother may affect fetal development. Multiple studies have shown an association between maternal hypothyroidism and inadequate child neuro development. Prompt treatment with levothyroxine (euthyrox) reduces the risk of these complications to both mother and child.
Natural treatment for autoimmune thyroid with Calivita products
– Evening Primrose Oil late the complications of diabetes, has positive influence on the thyroid function and reduce the aging process.
– The immune system can be enhanced with nutritional supplement ImmunAid by supporting normal immune function and helping maintain the resistance.
– The balance between immune and hormonal system can be maintained with nutritional supplement Rhodiolin that can prevent and treat autoimmune diseases, due to the quality to improve the function of thymus gland.
– Noni Liquid support the immune system, contribute to the formation of antibodies and also blocks the growth of viruses. It is beneficial in treating a variety of diseases, from the simplest to most complex.