Some cases result from scarring of the eyelid caused by chemical and thermal burns, trauma, skin cancers, or previous eyelid surgery. Prior to surgery, the eye can be protected by taping the lower lid down and using lubricating drops and ointment. In some cases, sutures can be placed through the lower eyelid until more definitive surgery can be performed. You may have a patch overnight and then will commonly use an antibiotic ointment for about a week. After your eyelids heal, your eye will feel comfortable and you will not longer have the risk of corneal scarring, infection, and loss of vision.

Causes of Ectropion

The common Causes of Ectropion :



With pregnancy, the cervix tends to evert, making the ectropion larger.

Trauma (through intercourse, tampon insertion, foreign objects in the speculum insertion)



Facial nerve palsy

Symptoms of Ectropion

Some Symptoms of Ectropion :

Dryness or redness

Sagging skin around the eyes

Sensitivity to light and wind

Eyelid turns outward

Excessive tearing

Redness of the lid and white part of the eye

Treatment of Ectropion

Artificial tears and lubricating ointments

Surgery may restore the normal position of the eyelid and improve these symptoms.

A protective eye shield worn at night to prevent drying

Surgery to repair the involved muscles and tendons of the eyelid

If the ectropion is minor, simply an undesirable cosmetic affect and not causing any clinical signs no treatment is necessary.

To be applied together with surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

as the main treatment when the ectropion comes to a terminal stage that none of conventional treatments is applicable.

5 thoughts on “Lupus Leading Cause Of Death

  1. Jess

    Lupus and Death?
    I know that patients with Lupus can live a very normal and long life, having Lupus under control with medication.

    I also know that Lupus is a disease that can affect the body in such a way that can cause death.

    My questions are:

    What is the most comun cause of death on a Lupus patient?

    When a patient’s Lupus has being mostly dormant, how usual is it to flare suddenly and cause extreme damage that would lead to death?

    What has being your experience?

    Thank you very much to everyone!

    1. Linda R

      Death as a result of lupus comes from infection (we don’g fight it well and the immunosuppressive drugs we take don’t help), kidney disease (half of us have kidney involvement), and cardiovascular events (we have premature atherosclerosis as a result of inflammation and some have clotting disorders).

      If a lupus patient flares and seeks medical attention promptly the flare is not that likely to lead to death, but keep in mind that lupus is very unpredictable.

      I have SLE with major organ involvement. Before I was diagnosed, a flare nearly killed me. I am monitored frequently (lots of labs every three months) and seek medical attention promptly at the first signs of infection.

  2. lasala

    I have lupus….?
    Are there any support groups for lupus..? Is this the 3 leading cause of death for women? What is it really? And what are you doing to treat it?

  3. star69

    can someone help me write a summary on this science article?
    i need this for tomorrow and im not soo good at ready so can you helo me please
    Environmental pollution is the release of environmental contaminants, generally resulting from human activity.

    Carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides produced by industry and motor vehicles are common air pollutants.

    Arguably the principal source of air pollutants worldwide is motor vehicle emissions, although many other sources have been found to contribute to the ever growing problem.

    Principal stationary pollution sources include chemical plants, coal-fired power plants, oil refineries, nuclear waste disposal activity, incinerators, large animal farms, PVC factories, metals production factories, plastics factories, and other heavy industry.

    Pollutants can cause disease, including cancer, lupus, immune diseases, allergies, and asthma.

    Adverse air quality can kill many organisms including humans. Motor vehicle emissions are one of the leading causes of air pollution.

    Principal stationary pollution sources include chemical plants, coal-fired power plants, oil refineries, petrochemical plants, nuclear waste disposal activity, incinerators, large livestock farms (dairy cows, pigs, poultry, etc.), PVC factories, metals production factories, plastics factories, and other heavy industry. Some of the more common soil contaminants are chlorinated hydrocarbons (CFH), heavy metals (such as chromium, cadmium–found in rechargeable batteries, and lead — found in lead paint, aviation fuel and still in some countries, gasoline), MTBE, zinc, arsenic and benzene.

    Ordinary municipal landfills are the source of many chemical substances entering the soil environment (and often groundwater), emanating from the wide variety of refuse accepted, especially substances illegally discarded there, or from pre-1970 landfills that may have been subject to little control in the U.S.

    or EU. Pollution can also be the consequence of a natural disaster.

    For example, hurricanes often involve water contamination from sewage, and petrochemical spills from ruptured boats or automobiles.

    Larger scale and environmental damage is not uncommon when coastal oil rigs or refineries are involved.

    Some sources of pollution, such as nuclear power plants or oil tankers, can produce widespread and potentially hazardous releases when accidents occur. Adverse air quality can kill many organisms including humans.

    Ozone pollution can cause respiratory disease, cardiovascular disease, throat inflammation, chest pain, and congestion.

    Water pollution causes approximately 14,000 deaths per day, mostly due to contamination of drinking water by untreated sewage in developing countries.

    Oil spills can cause skin irritations and rashes.

    Noise pollution induces hearing loss, high blood pressure, stress, and sleep disturbance..

    1. evoL

      The human source of pollutants, of which causes death and disease in humans and also animals, is as varied as the common car, factories, technology industries, is very great and obviously dangerous. Despite human attempts at containment, destructive natural phenomena can vex these intentions, spreading more than its’ share of distruction.

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