Because infection with the HSV-1 (Herpes simplex virus -1) usually occurs early in life through the asymptomatic infection of the mouth and throat, it means that a high proportion of the population are carrying the virus in its latent form. Herpes simplex virus 1 and 2 are similar in that they are simultaneously transmitted by direct contact and can sometimes cause intensely painful fluid-filled blisters, containing millions of infectious viral particles. To achieve an initial infection, the following conditions must apply: herpes simplex transport demands in body fluids (saliva, semen, fluid in the genital tract of women) or in a liquid, herpes sores. The injuries of these two types of herpes can be spread by contact with the same part of the body immediately after touching a herpes lesion.
A majority of people have been exposed to the herpes simplex virus without being aware of it, usually some time in early childhood. Preventing the virus is difficult because people can spread even if they do not have symptoms of an epidemic force. Because the chances of contracting this disease increases with the number of sexual partners is a person, limiting the number of partners is the first step towards prevention. When one partner has herpes simplex infection and the other does not, the use of condoms has been shown to decrease the chances of transmission to the uninfected partner.
During an outbreak of genital herpes, a number of measures can be taken to make the state more comfortable: wearing loose clothing, avoiding excessive heat or sunlight, keep the wound clean and Dry, cool or lukewarm tissue from the wound area for short periods of time, do not use scented soaps, sprays, deodorant or female showers and take aspirin, ibuprofen or acetaminophen for pain .
Sun protection important in preventing recurrences of herpes facial sun exposure often triggers this type of herpes. The sun protection factor using high protection sunscreens and other measures such as protection of lip balm are important.
The anti-viral drugs to stop the virus herpes simplex multiplying once it reaches the skin or mucous membrane, but can not eliminate the virus from its resting phase in nerve cells. Acyclovir topical or penciclovir in the form of a cream applied in the affected areas, reduce recurrent attacks of herpes simplex provided that the application is started early enough. Undecylenic acid (Castor oil derivatives) is proof of having anti-bacterial and anti-viral properties that are effective on the skin viral infections such as herpes simplex virus lysine and supplementation has been proposed as a complementary therapy for the treatment of herpes simplex. Cimetidine which common component drugs heartburn, has been shown to reduce the severity of shingles outbreaks in different cases and offered some relief from simple.
Local injuries to the face, lips, eyes or mouth, and by trauma, surgery, wind, ultraviolet light, sunburn, a cold or depression of the immune system are all well established and triggers reactivation may cause symptoms of herpes.
Both herpes simplex virus 1 and 2 produce similar symptoms, but can vary depending on the gravity on the site of infection. Symptoms of infection in the genital area, for example, include itching, painful sores and blisters (called lesions) on the genitals, fever (usually with the first appearance of blisters), fatigue, malaise, muscle pain, vaginal discharge, De difficulty or pain when you urinate, pain when you have relationships and tender or enlarged lymph nodes in the groin.
In rare cases the virus can also cause more serious infections. When the eye is struck by herpes simplex, it usually affects only one eye and occurs most often on the cornea (normally clear dome that covers the front part of the eye). Less frequently, May simplex virus also infect inside the eye (herpes Uveitis) or retina (retinitis herpes). The herpes simplex virus can also cause blood vessels to grow over the cornea, and sometimes can lead to visual impairment.