The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, lying below the waist on either side of the spinal column on the back wal of the abdomen. They are soft, reddish brown in colour, and, on an average, measures 10cm, in length, 6cm, in width and is 2.5cm thick at its centre. They are the filtering plant for purifying the blood, removing water and salts from it, which are passed into the bladder as urine.

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One of the most serious kidney diseases is nephritis, also known as glomerulonephritis. It is most common kidney disease in the elderly as well as other age groups. It may be either acute or chronic. A synonym for nephiritis is Bright's disease, for Bright (1789-1858) described examples of many different diseases which can be included under the term.

This diseases most often strikes in childhood or adolescence. It can become progressively worse and results in death, if not treated properly in the initial stage. In the alternative, it may subside into a chronic stage where the patient gets better but not often well.

Symptoms ::
The main symptoms of acute nephritis are pain in the kidneys, extending down to the ureters, fever, dull pain in the back and scanty and highly coloured urine. Often the urine may contain blood, albumin and casts consisting of clumps of red and white cells which come from the damaged kidneys. The patient suffers from puffiness in the face and swelling of the feet and ankles.

Causes ::
Nephritis usually follows some streptococcus infection of the throat or an attack of scarlet fever or rheumatic fever. The underlying causes of nephritis are, however, the same as for diseases of the kidneys in general, namely, wrong feeding habits, excessive drinking, the suppressive medical treatment of former diseases, the habitual use of chemical agents of all kinds for the treatment of indigestion and other stomach disorders and frequent use of aspirin and other pain-killers.

Treatment
The safest treatment for acute nephritis is fasting on raw juices. By means of the juice fast, the toxins and systemic impurities responsible for setting up of the inflammatory kidney conditions are removed rapidly. The patient should resort to juice tasting for five to seven days till the acute symptoms subside. Mostly vegetable juices such as carrot, celery and cucumber should be used during this period. A warm water enema should be taken each day while fasting f to cleanse the bowels of the toxic matter being thrown off by the self-cleansing process resulting from the fast. After the juice fast, the patient may adopt an all-fruit diet for four or five days. Juicy fruits such as apple, grapes, orange, pear, peach and pineapple should be taken during this period.
Thereafter the patient may adopt fruits and milk diet for further five days. In this regimen, milk may be added to the fruit diet. After the fruit & milk diet, the patient may gradually embark upon a well- balanced low-protein vegetarian diet, with emphasis on fresh fruits and raw and cooked vegetables.

Yoga Exercise for Kidney Disease

Back Bends
Back bend poses can help with kidney stones. Avoid seated and standing forward bends.

Cobra Pose encourages deep breathing and massages the kidneys. Lie on your belly with your hands flat on the floor on each side of your chest. Make sure your legs and feet are parallel. Inhale, lengthen your spine forward and lift your chest and head off the floor. Hold for a few breaths.

Camel Pose improves your blood circulation. Kneel on the floor, lengthen your spine, open your chest and reach for your feet. Keep your toes tucked under and your thighs perpendicular to the floor. Hold for a few breaths.

Leg Lifts
Raised Foot Pose strengthens your digestive system as well as your abdominal muscles. If you have high blood pressure or lower back pain, practice this pose carefully — or not at all. Lie on your back, inhale and raise legs to 30 degrees, then 60 degrees, then 90 degrees. Hold each position for 10 seconds, then exhale and lower back to 60 degrees, 30 degrees and back to the floor.

Restorative Pose
Legs Up the Wall Pose regulates blood pressure and helps treat kidney disorders. Sit on a bolster or folded blankets placed along the wall and swing your legs up the wall. Your head and neck rest on the floor, and your arms out to the side. Rest here for five minutes.

Breath Exercise
Alternate nostril breathing oxygenates your blood and improves your circulation. First, inhale through your left nostril, using your thumb to close your right nostril. Close your left nostril with your right ring finger and exhale, then inhale, through your right nostril. Close your right nostril and exhale through your left. Repeat four rounds.

Considerations
Consult your physician if you experience severe pain, nausea, vomiting, fever or chills.

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