If you are looking to equip a chemical lab, you will need chemical lab supplies that cover not only working with the chemicals, but also supplies that protect you from exposure from the chemicals you are working with.

A basic chemical lab that is set up to practice basic chemistry will have the following items.

A professional chemistry lab set. A good chemistry lab set would contain everything you need to perform comprehensive educational experiments that teach you about chemistry. Included in the lab set would be things such as a digital balance, various stands for holding glass work through the use of clamps and rings, evaporating dishes and crucibles, different types of flasks and beakers for mixing components together, test tubes and test tube stands, a thermometer, tongs, a stirrer to name a few.

Chemical Lab Safety Equipment. Personal protective equipment (PPE) is a must. Basic, required PPE would include safety goggles to protect your eyes from potential splashes, a lab coat to protect firstly your skin from chemicals that may splash as well as your clothes. Additionally, a chemical respirator that is capable of filtering acid and organic vapor fumes out of the air so that your lungs are protected.

Chemistry Lab Experiment Textbooks. Finding a great chemistry book can be most beneficial in guiding a new chemist through the learning process. A good chemistry book would layout various experiments for beginners that teach them the fundamentals of chemistry in a way that is both easy to understand and well illustrated. It would lay out the necessary raw materials needed to perform the experiments as well as the safety equipment needed and any additional safety precautions that may be necessary when performing the experiments.

Chemistry is one of the fundamental sciences. People have been learning the secrets of this long and storied branch of science for literally millennia. Chemistry is central to our lives whether we realize it or not. If you are interested in learning about what the world around you is made from and getting the necessary chemical lab supplies for equipping your own basic lab for reasonable prices, then definitely check out the author resource box below.

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Source: http://www.sooperarticles.com/education-articles/science-articles/basic-chemical-lab-supplies-227682.html


most specific lab test for lupus

15 thoughts on “Most Specific Lab Test For Lupus

  1. FutureRN

    For experienced physicians: what diagnostics tests would you order if you suspected a patient had lupus??
    I’m currently completing a case study for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and it would really help if I knew the correct tests. Please help!

    1. Linda R

      There are no definitive tests for lupus. In order to arrive at a diagnosis of lupus, one must first eliminate other disorders that can cause similar symptoms. After that, a combination of lab tests, medical history, and symptoms matched against the American College of Rheumatology’s 11 criteria for lupus and finding a match for 4, some carrying more weight than others.

      Tests for ANA, anti-double stranded DNA, sed rate, C reactive protein, ro and la, CBC, CMP, and 24 hour urine with protein excretion and creatine clearance can all provide clues.

      Dr. Sam Lim and the CDC are involved in the National Lupus Patient Registry in an attempt to find a specific, definitive biomarker for lupus.

      The link below can take you to common diagnositc tests for lupus.

  2. Sara

    Odds of having lymphoma?
    Hi, I’m a 28 year old woman. For the last 5 weeks, I’ve had an unexplained itchy rash that comes and goes all over… arms, legs, neck, back, hips, feet, hands (even my palms!). I get terribly itchy in a spot, scratch, and then notice flat, medium-sized hives in that area for about an hour before it moves somewhere else. There are no boils or pustules or any such thing. It just came up out of nowhere. I had a sore throat for a few days, but it’s gone now… yet the rash remains.

    They tested me for lyme disease, gout (my feet swelled up for 2 days, I couldn’t even walk), rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and more — all negative. All my chemistry and blood count values were normal. They tested common allergies like wheat, milk, and peanuts… all negative.

    The only other thing I have noticed is 2 slightly swollen lymph nodes on the right side of my neck. I checked the other lymph node areas of my body, and am sure there is no other swelling.

    The only lab test of interest was a slightly elevated IgE level (it was 157, I believe), which is the allergen-specific antibody.

    I am wondering what the odds are that I have lymphoma vs. a virus vs. a random allergy. I’ve tried to think of everything I could be allergic to. Being a creature of habit, I’ve used the same soaps, detergents, deoderants, makeup, shampoo, etc. for years with no changes. I haven’t eaten any new foods. I’ve never been allergic to anything but a few antibiotics, which I haven’t touched in a long time. I am stumped.

    Five doctors are stumped. I am at a total loss. I haven’t had any night sweats or fevers… I did have an episode of chills near the beginning, but no fever. Any ideas out there???! Thanks so much.
    I don’t get flushed or have a racing heart. I tend to have a naturally high heart rate, though. It’s almost always 80-115.
    My blood pressure tends to run pretty low.. usually 110-130 systolic and 60-85 diastolic. It’s worth looking into, though. Thanks for the suggestion.

  3. Sneha

    Hi, yesterday i got report from lab in that report, ANA test result is +ve. please help me to understand what?
    Hi, yesterday i got report from lab in that report, ANA test result is +ve. please help me to understand what will happened now. i having any disease? if yes, please tell me frankly. are these chances of blood cancer? my blood id -ve and my miscarrage happend twice.

    1. ★☆✿❀

      The ANA test is the least specific test out there. Most of the population will test positive at some point. A low positive ANA usually means nothing. If you have symptoms of a connective tissue disease, it’d be worth having the doctor order further tests. Cancer doesn’t cause a positive ANA, usually a positive ANA is found in Lupus, Sjogren’s Syndrome, Rheumatoid Arthritis and other autoimmune diseases. But you’re more likely to have a positive ANA and nothing wrong, than a positive ANA and an autoimmune disease.

  4. purpledents

    How would a clinical immunologist treat/diagnose SUSPECTED SLE (Lupus) compared to other specialists?
    DIAGNOSIS HAS NOT BEEN CONFIRMED.

    Would it be appropriate to see a clinical immunologist, as the problem is likely autoimmune in nature? If so, how would he treat the problem and confirm the diagnosis compared to the rheumatologists and internal medicine doctor I have already seen? Would the immunologist’s approach vary considerably or slightly?

    Thanks!

    1. Agnodice

      Immunologist do not routinely take care of people with SLE and they would approach the diagnosis of SLE the same as any other doctor. Rheumatologist are actually the doctors that take care of SLE and many other autoimmune disorders. There are guidelines with specific criteria from the American College of Rheumatology regarding the diagnosis of SLE which ALL doctors are to follow no matter what their specialty. This is mainly based on physical exam findings and blood tests. An immunologist will look for the same physical exam findings and will also check the same labs.

  5. comptonkid

    What does the ‘C’ in CRP (or C reactive protein) stand for?

    From the research I’ve done I think it may be ‘capsular’ as when first discovered CRP was a protein which reacted with the capsule of the pneumococcus. Ant thoughts?

    1. WDubsW

      The C is for the overal consentration of the protein. Like BAC(blood alcohol content) it is looking for how much of something is in another.

      It is not a new test, but it is a test in the news. CRP, also known as C-Reactive Protein, is a test which measures the concentration in blood serum of a special type of protein produced in the liver that is present during episodes of acute inflammation or infection. In the body, CRP plays the important role of interacting with the complement system, an immunologic defense mechanism.

      It’s value is as a general indicator, not specific.

      It must be noted that even in known cases of inflammatory disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus, a low CRP level is possible, and is not indicative of no inflammation.

      Normally there is no CRP in blood serum. From Lab Tests Online, “a high or increasing amount of CRP in your blood suggests that you have an acute infection or inflammation. Although a result above 1 mg/dL is usually considered high for CRP, most infections and inflammations result in CRP levels above 10 mg/dL”.

      A positive CRP may be an indicator of several conditions, including:

      rheumatoid arthritis
      rheumatic fever
      cancer
      tuberculosis
      pneumonia
      heart attack
      lupus

      A positive CRP also can be detected during the last half of pregnancy or with the use of oral contraception.

      Sedimentation Rate

      Another blood test often ordered in conjunction with CRP is known as ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate or sedrate). Both CRP and ESR give similar information about non-specific inflammation. CRP appears and disappears more quickly than changes in ESR. Therefore, your CRP level may drop to normal following successful treatment, whereas ESR may remain elevated for a longer period.

      Most recently, CRP has made headlines as it relates to heart disease. New studies indicate CRP may be elevated in heart attacks. It is yet to be determined if CRP serves as a marker of heart disease or whether it plays a part in causing atherosclerotic disease (hardening of the arteries).

      There is also a high sensitivity CRP test (hs-CRP) in addition to the regular CRP test. The hs-CRP measures very low amounts of CRP in the blood and is typically used to assess risk for heart problems.

      As a blood test, CRP is not specific. A high result serves as a general indication of acute inflammation. In cases of inflammatory rheumatic diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus, doctors can utilize the CRP test to assess the effectiveness of a specific arthritis treatment and monitor periods of disease flareup.

  6. Dynamite

    ANA is like a temperature it is non specific. It can be seen in a lot of autoimmune diseases such as MS,Rheumatoid, Lupus, Thyroid disease. 1:160 is elevated but usually not of concern. If it reaches 1:320 then doctors may start looking for an autoimmune disease. The ANA has to be followed for months or years before a diagnosis may be made. It can be elevated after a viral illness. Basically it is an immune response to some trigger. Do not lose sleep over this ANA or look for other things at this time

  7. connie

    Autoimmune disease versus Aids?
    I have hypothyroidism and am taking levothyroxine. My peridoxidase enzymes lab test was high. My endocrinologist tells me I have an autoimmune disease. So doesn’t Aids mean autoimmune disease? What’s the difference? Will my antibodies travel to other parts of my body in time? My sister, a yr older than me was just told she has SLE (lupus). She has hypothyroidism, had it 4 yrs ago. Am I on my way to lupus also? I know it runs in families.

    1. Elizabeth

      The following is all very non-scientific, non-medical – it’s just plain English using simple terms that make sense to explain things.

      An Autoimmune disease is when your immune system is overactive and dysfunctional. The immune system is supposed to “turn on” and attack germs/infection only when there are germs/infection to fight. When a person has an autoimmune disease, their immune system “turns on” for no reason or stays “on” all the time (depending on which specific autoimmune disease a person has) and the immune system attacks normal healthy body tissue (the type of tissue and the body area depends on the type of autoimmune disease a person has).

      AIDS is caused by a virus (HIV). The virus attacks the immune system, causing the immune system to become depleated. The immune system also becomes “tired” because it tries and tries to fight the virus, but the virus is stronger than the immune system, so it is a very long losing battle (especially because the virus is attacking the immune system at the same time).

      In a nutshell, an autoimmune disease is too much immune system that attacks healthy tissue and AIDS is not enough immune system that is unable to kill the invading virus.

  8. Jasmine

    what do my lab results mean?
    I received my lab results back and they say “ANA Positive (1:160) – non-specific but an be elevated in autoimmune disease or in asymptomatic in women.” I’m a 54 year old woman.

    1. ★☆✿❀

      The ANA test, or anti-nuclear antibody, is an antibody found in people with certain autoimmune diseases. The lower the ‘titer’ the less likely it is for you to have an autoimmune disease. They usually begin measuring at 1:40 then it doubles, 1:80, 1:160, 1:320, 1:640, 1:1280 and it goes on. Usually people with low titers have nothing going on. If you have a low titer (under 1:320) but you have symptoms of an autoimmune disease (fatigue, joint pain, hair loss, fevers, dry eyes and mouth, Raynaud’s) then it can be significant.

      If you’re asymptomatic (i.e. have no symptoms), then it’s usually nothing to worry about. If you do have symptoms, then your doctor should order more tests.

      Most common conditions to cause a positive ANA are Lupus, Sjogren’s, Scleroderma, Mixed Connective Tissue Disease, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Autoimmune Hepatitis, Hashimoto’s, Myositis, Addison Disease, ITP, Autoimmune hemolytic anemia and Type I diabetes mellitus.

      The older you are, the more likely you are to have false positives.

      So unless you have symptoms, do not worry.

      …..

  9. fevs4puds

    I need information and treatment on “Chikungunya” a virus from Mauritius?

    My brother seems to have the virus, we are in South Africa, he has recently been to Mauritius on business.
    Heather

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