After a loved one suffers a stroke, it can prove tough for everyone. The demand for care will arise and that can be a challenge of its own. Initially, it may prove tough to gauge if the stoke victim can return home from the hospital or will require assistance at a permanent care facility. The ability of stroke victim to care for themselves in any way will hang in the balance. Nearly every stroke victim will term care either from a care facility or in-home help. However you go about it, this equates to a huge lifestyle change. These often stir high emotions for the elders and those concerned. Read on for a detailed glimpse at the elder care options for stroke victims.

Home care attendants often provide assistance at a fair rate if a stroke victim is well enough to return home. Home care aides often clean, do laundry, and assist with bathing and grooming. They also monitor medication use, and measure vital signs. A home nurse is another possibility that warrants some thought if the elder needs a higher level of care. Hiring a home nurse will run at a higher price tag, however.

Family and career obligations can hinder your ability to care for a parent full time in home. Understandably, many seniors prefer the comfort of home, but they require assistance and you need to address day-time responsibilities. Is there an ideal in-between? For sure. Adult day care facilities or senior respite centers offer therapy and fun activities like arts and crafts. Facilities of this sort let the career-minded person address these demands, or take a needed break from day-to-day care. Later on in the evening, your parent or family member or friend returns home with you. A senior adult day care facility can deliver the suitable mix of personal care and home comfort for the elder and family care giver.

After a stroke, many will face the reality that they may never return home again. An assisted living facility may offer the ideal setup for the senior capable of living partially independent. Assisted living quarters often prepare meals, cleaning and laundry, bathing, grooming, and monitor medication use. This usually comes at a reasonable price and residents often live in apartments, granting them with a higher measure of privacy. Residential care homes operate similarly, but offer a more home-like and communal living style. The residents receive closer supervision and meals are typically served in a shared setting. For the most part, assisted living facilities and residential care homes don't provide on-site medical care like a nursing care home does. A nursing home sometimes offers the only suitable mode of care when a stroke is particularly debilitating. Unlike assisted living facilities and residential care homes, a nursing home provides skilled medical support on site round-the-clock. The care provided is often more skilled, intensive and personal. Stroke victims will see their conditions change. As such, the type of care required will change along with their health, for better or worse. On that note, a continuing care community offers a beneficial choice with every level of care from assisted-living to full-scale nursing available. During a time of significant life change, this can help ground the elders and those keeping a watchful eye on them.

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multiple sclerosis symptoms in adults

28 thoughts on “Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms In Adults

  1. may_T

    Is evening primrose pills safe to use?
    IM taking evening primrose for depression and my symptoms have lessening drastically!! I was just wondering if there are any bad side effects.

    1. knicname

      Rickets in children (impaired growth of long bones).
      Osteomalacia in adults causes weakness & fragility in the bones.
      Osteoporosis is a lessening of bone density…leading to fractures…can be detected by a Bone Density Scan DEXA Scan.

      Vit. D deficiency has also now been implicated in certain cancers, Type l Diabetes; periodontal disease; tuberculosis; chronic pain; multiple sclerosis; depression; seasonal affective disorder; schizophrenia; peripheral artery disease; restless leg syndrome.

      For symptoms of these diseases:
      Google: mayo clinic>>diseases>>(name of disease)

    1. winkcat

      an attack of the nervous system in young adults
      cause is mostly unknown
      the white matter of the brain and spinal cord develop lesions.
      some people have attacks which are followed by long remissions.
      Some people have very mild neuro symptoms, others major symptoms.
      good news is life expectancy is the same as for normal people,
      fatigue, depression, moody, double vision and other vision problems, difficulty swallowing, other muscles weak, inability to move muscles again mild in some and severe all over in others. Probably medically can get disability with the diagnosis. The rest is a wait and see. Pray for a cure. Blessings.

  2. Barry

    What are the possible signs of Vitamin D deficiency?
    How widespread can the effects be? What does the hormone do?

    What is an evolutionary explanation for why we produce and use this hormone?

    1. qdb

      Hello there,

      Vitamin D deficiency is most common in areas that receive little sunlight and in populations whose diets include few natural vitamin D sources. Milk, juice and cereals are often fortified with vitamin D in an effort to fight vitamin D deficiency.

      -Symptoms of Severe Deficiency
      Severe vitamin D deficiency causes the bones to soften and leads to bone disorders. In children, the most visible sign of vitamin D deficiency is bowed arms and legs. In adults, the most common symptom of vitamin D deficiency is generalized bone and muscle pain.

      -Symptoms of Moderate Deficiency
      Low vitamin D levels are linked to an increased risk ofmany diseases, including asthma, colds, high blood pressure, multiple sclerosis, osteoporosis and seasonal affective disorder.

      –Other Symptoms
      Other signs and symptoms of a vitamin D deficiency include bone fractures, fatigue, insomnia, low immunity and mood swings.

      Anyone can have a vitamin D deficiency, but because dark skin produces less vitamin D than light skin does, people of African descent are most susceptible. Obesity also increases susceptibility to vitamin D deficiency.

      Symptoms of a vitamin D deficiency are often subtle and overlooked. If you do not receive much direct sunlight or consume many foods that contain vitamin D, consider asking your doctor for a vitamin D test.

      I hope that helps

  3. laurel g

    What Can I Expect with New MS Diagnosis?
    I was just diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis. That is a bit frightening. I am rearing, pretty much, my 6 yr. old grandson, and I need to be ‘on top of things’ to be a good Grandma. I have a husband and 2 very supportive adult sons. I am a lucky lady. Still, I wonder, what can I expect? The nuerosurgeon looked at my MRI and CT scans, and told me I have too many cysts and tumors for him to operate upon…….because there would be no place to stop cutting! My spine is totally covered on every disc with arachnoid cysts. My question is simply, with taking care of myself, will I be able to do my regular things for very long?

    1. Stumpy

      MS is a very difficult disease to understand. In some cases it may quickly take over and leave you debilitated while other times it may cause only mild symptoms that you can live with. Other times it may even go into remission, so it’s hard to say what will happen.

      There are some people who can function quite well with MS such as the singer Clay Walker and Montel (although his symptoms are progressing). Other people such as Annette Funicello (sp?) cannot function on their own.

      I hate to say this, but there simply is no easy answer to your question, it will just depend on how the disease progresses.

  4. ramnadh k

    what are the symptomps of defeciency of Vitamin D?
    I have been Hypertensive since 2003, I came to know that my D vitamin levels are below normal range, I also suspect that I have been DMellitus, (FBS120 and PPBS195), I want to know that how far vitamin D defeciency contributes to DM and HTN? if so, can we reverse these metabolic disorders like DM and HTN? if proper medication is used for defeciency of vitamin D?

    1. Ryan Loves Lucy <3

      What is constipation?

      Although constipation is a common term, from a medical perspective it is hard to define precisely.

      The dictionary definition is: ‘A condition in which bowel emptying occurs infrequently or in which the stools are hard and small or where bowel movement causes difficulty or pain.’

      But defining infrequent is difficult when some 90 per cent of people in Western countries have a bowel pattern that ranges from three bowel movements a day to three per week.

      And it is possible to move your bowels every day and still be constipated if the stools are hard and difficult to pass. Equally, a daily bowel movement is by no means essential for, nor a sign of, good health.

      Provided the bowels move regularly and without discomfort, it doesn’t matter if your natural bowel frequency is once every two or three days.

      How common is it?

      Constipation is thought to affect a quarter of the population at some time.

      Constipation is more common in the elderly because:

      the power of the bowel muscles diminishes with age
      they tend to take more medicines that have constipating side effects.
      Bypass diarrhoea
      This happens when a hard plug of stool in the lower bowel (faecal impaction) stops a proper evacuation.

      Only the more liquid stool from higher up in the bowel can then be passed.

      For this reason correct diagnosis is important.

      Medicine to slow the bowel down will make the condition worse if a person is actually constipated.
      What are the symptoms of constipation?
      Tummy pain associated with bowel movements.
      A feeling of incomplete emptying of the bowel.
      A bloated feeling in the stomach region.
      Diarrhoea: constipation is one of the most common causes of diarrhoea, especially in the elderly in care. Diarrhoea caused by constipation is known as bypass diarrhoea.
      What causes constipation?
      Poor general health.
      Immobility or an inactive lifestyle.
      Insufficient fluid intake.
      A diet low in fibre. Fibre retains fluid and makes the stools light and soft.
      Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
      Inadequate toilet facilities.
      An underactive thyroid gland.
      Spinal injury.
      Multiple sclerosis.
      Colon or rectal cancer.
      Kidney failure.
      Too much calcium in the blood.
      Tumours and other lesions of the bowel.
      Certain medicines, eg codeine-containing painkillers (co-dydramol, co-proxamol), morphine-like painkillers, antidepressants, aluminium-containing antacids, iron supplements, and anticholinergics such as procyclidine (eg Kemadrin) (used in Parkinson’s disease).
      Constipation should not simply be accepted or ignored. Persistent constipation or any change in bowel habit (whether towards constipation or looseness) should be investigated, especially in adults over 40 years.

      However, for most people with long-standing constipation there is no identifiable cause.

      What can help prevent constipation?

      A well-balanced diet high in fibre, including bran, fruits and vegetables, is often helpful.
      Cutting down on white bread, cakes and sugar.
      Drinking at least 8 to 10 glasses of water a day. Hot beverages, such as coffee, tea or hot water may stimulate bowel movements.
      Prunes and plum juice can also be beneficial.
      Regular exercise improves digestion and reduces stress.
      A regular bowel habit. The best time is usually the first hour after breakfast. Don’t hurry and sit for at least 10 minutes, regardless of whether you manage to pass a stool. Don’t strain.
      What are the complications of constipation?
      Haemorrhoids. These are swollen veins at the anus, caused by straining at a stool over a long period of time. If large enough they will be visible from the outside. They can be painful or cause local bleeding.
      Dependency on laxatives. The bowel in someone who has abused laxatives over a long period of time becomes sluggish and eventually dependent on the use of these drugs.
      Hernia (bulging of the abdominal contents through a weak point in the abdominal wall). This is made worse by too much straining when trying to get rid of hard stools.
      A prolapse of the womb or rectum. These complications result from excess straining and weakness of the muscles in this area.
      What medicines are used to treat constipation?
      Bulking agents such as bran and ispaghula husk. These work gently and are the most common type of laxatives (examples are Fybogel and Regulan). They don’t need to be in the form of medicines – increasing the fibre content of your diet should be the main treatment. Bulking agents should always be taken with plenty of fluids.
      Stimulant laxatives that cause the bowel muscles to contract such as senna (eg Senokot) or bisacodyl (eg Dulco-lax).
      Osmotic laxatives (such as lactulose) that increase the amount of water in the stools by drawing water in from the bowel lining.
      Detergents that break down surface layers in the stool, letting water penetrate and soften it (such as docusate sodium (eg Dioctyl)).
      Macrogols (polyethylene glycols).


    What should I do when a family member is going insane?
    My mother is seriously going nuts. She was diagnosed with Lyme disease a few years ago, but she claims that none of her treatments have cured her. Lately she has been drinking, taking xanxax excessively, making up stories, forgetting what day it is, and has excessive mood swings. Please give me suggestions as to what I should do….I don’t think you can commit anyone anymore.

  6. Alex

    Can you give me information about alexander disease?
    What is the exact name of the gene,symptoms,inhertinace,detection of carriers,and treatment?

    1. police666

      Alexander disease is one of a group of neurological conditions known as the leukodystrophies, disorders that are the result of abnormalities in myelin, the “white matter” that protects nerve fibers in the brain. Alexander disease is a progressive and usually fatal disease. The destruction of white matter is accompanied by the formation of Rosenthal fibers, which are abnormal clumps of protein that accumulate in non-neuronal cells of the brain called astrocytes. Rosenthal fibers are sometimes found in other disorders, but not in the same amount or area of the brain that are featured in Alexander disease. The infantile form is the most common type of Alexander disease. It has an onset during the first two years of life. Usually there are both mental and physical developmental delays, followed by the loss of developmental milestones, an abnormal increase in head size, and seizures. The juvenile form of Alexander disease is less common and has an onset between the ages of two and thirteen. These children may have excessive vomiting, difficulty swallowing and speaking, poor coordination, and loss of motor control. Adult-onset forms of Alexander disease are rare, but have been reported. The symptoms sometimes mimic those of Parkinson’s disease or multiple sclerosis. The disease occurs in both males and females, and there are no ethnic, racial, geographic, or cultural/economic differences in its distribution.

      There is no cure for Alexander disease, nor is there a standard course of treatment. Treatment of Alexander disease is symptomatic and supportive.

      The prognosis for individuals with Alexander disease is generally poor. Most children with the infantile form do not survive past the age of 6. Juvenile and adult onset forms of the disorder have a slower, more lengthy course.

      Recent discoveries show that most individuals (approximately 90 percent) with Alexander disease have a mutation in the gene that makes glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). GFAP is a normal component of the brain, but it is unclear how the mutations in this gene causes the disease. In most cases mutations occur spontaneously are not inherited from parents. A small number of people thought to have Alexander disease do not have identifiable mutations in GFAP, which leads researchers to believe that there may be other genetic or perhaps even non-genetic causes of Alexander disease. Current research is aimed at understanding the mechanisms by which the mutations cause disease, developing better animal models for the disorder, and exploring potential strategies for treatment. At present, there is no exact animal model for the disease; however, mice have been engineered to produce the same mutant forms of GFAP found in individuals with Alexander disease. These mice form Rosenthal fibers and have a predisposition for seizures, but do not yet mimic all features of human disease (such as the leukodystrophies). One clinical study is underway to identify biomarkers of disease severity or progression in samples of blood or cerebrospinal fluid. Such biomarkers, if found, would be a major advantage for evaluating the response to any treatments that are developed in the future.

  7. Anonymous

    I have been prescribed 50000unt of vitamin d for twice a week ? How serious is this?
    Im 22 and i been looking up symptoms and causes of vitamin d and Im afraid alot of this pertains to me. I just want to know more on vitamin d. It is on the internet but I know some of you have experienced it and can help me answer questions. Any response….

  8. comeovaheremaria

    What harm can having Low Vitamin D do to your body?
    I just got my blood results back from my checkup I am nearly 27 years old and they said I have a vitamin deficiency of about 19
    they said that it is really low for my age
    what can having low vitamin d to to your body
    what are the risks if left untreated
    please help
    thank you

    1. Sandra

      Lots of people have a D deficiency. We use sunscreen and cover up to avoid skin cancer. Fortunately, it is easy to take Vitamin D3 as a supplement, and to get some sun (just a little) to make it yourself.

      “Symptoms of bone pain and muscle weakness can mean you have a vitamin D deficiency. However, for many people, the symptoms are subtle. Yet even without symptoms, too little vitamin D can pose health risks. Low blood levels of the vitamin have been associated with the following:

      Increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease
      Cognitive impairment in older adults
      Severe asthma in children

      Research suggests that vitamin D could play a role in the prevention and treatment of a number of different conditions, including type1 and type 2 diabetes, hypertension, glucose intolerance, and multiple sclerosis.

  9. yahooey

    Vitamin D deficiencies, how do you know besides blood work? And, is VA south enough to not be at a great risk?
    I haven’t been out in the sun much this past winter because of it being colder than normal. How long does vitamin D take to build up or be depleted from your body? What are the most common symptoms of low Vitamin D?

  10. PrettyAss_2000

    Do you know of anyone that has Muscular Sclerosis or Muscular Dystrophy and that is dealing with the symptoms?
    Do you know of anyone that has Muscular Sclerosis or Muscular Dystrophy and that is dealing with the symptoms and/or has eradicated the disease process entirely? What do you know about the symptoms of the disease since this disease is hard to diagnose?

    1. Jonah

      Muscular Dystrophy and Multiple Sclerosis (sometimes called muscular sclerosis) are really really different diseases.
      Musculare dystrophy is fairly easy to diagnose by biopsy. All of the people that I’ve known with it were diagnosed as children, although I’m aware that there are adult onset types.
      Multiple Sclerosis is much harder to diagnose. The people I know with it were diagnosed after they’d had symptoms for a while, and they had symptoms like falling, or not being able to see. I think it’s more of a clinical diagnosis- that the neurologist said it fits.

  11. Fedaa

    Are multiple sclerosis and tay sachs diseases of the neuroglia?
    please help me understand how each affects the neuroglia.

  12. MiMi

    Blood tests show that I have a low Vitamin D level. What can I do to boost that?
    I go back to the doctor on April 25th for a follow-up visit. I also have slightly elevated cholesterol and my Progesterone is slightly low. I am 46 years old. Of course I will discuss all this with the doctor but wondered if anyone else has experienced these things and what you may have done. Thanks so much!

  13. Mary Lynn

    Can i take more then one vitamin D pill?
    There’s been no sun for months and i have seasonal effective disorder, can i take more than one a day to stay happy?

  14. catwomansga

    Can anyone tell me what amitryptiline is used for?
    I was prescribed it but dont know what it is for.
    Also can I take this med with glaucoma

    1. Mommy of 2

      Amitriptyline is approved for the treatment of endogenous depression and involutional melancholia (depression of late life, which is no longer seen as a disease in its own right.) Adult typical dosages are 25 to 150 mg daily, with half this initially for elderly or adolescents.

      It may also be used to treat nocturnal enuresis (bed wetting). Children between the ages of 7 to 10 years having a dose of 10 to 20 mg, older children 25 to 50 mg at night. It should be gradually withdrawn at the end of the course, which overall should be of no more than 3 months.[1]

      In some European countries it is also approved as prophylaxis for patients with frequent migraines (usually 25 to 75 mg).

      [edit] Unapproved/Off-Label/Investigational
      Amitriptyline may be prescribed for other conditions such as insomnia, migraine, rebound headache, chronic pain, postherpetic neuralgia (persistent pain following a shingles attack), fibromyalgia, vulvodynia, interstitial cystitis, irritable bowel syndrome, diabetic peripheral neuropathy, neurological pain, and painful paresthesias related to multiple sclerosis and as a preventative (prophylaxis) for patients with frequent migraines. It is also used in small (10 mg) doses to act as a painkiller and ease the effects of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Typically lower dosages are required for pain modification of 10 to 50 mg daily.[1]

      Amitriptyline in very small doses (5 mg a day) is also sometimes prescribed to help ease the symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome. It is thought to help combat symptoms of insomnia primarily, in addition to other selected symptoms of the affliction.

      A randomized controlled trial published in June 2005 found that amitriptyline was effective in functional dyspepsia refractory to famotidine and mosapride combination therapy.[2]

      [edit] Side effects
      Common side effects of using amitriptyline are weight loss or gain, drowsiness, nervousness, and dizziness insomnia. Some rare side effects include tinnitus, hypotension, mania, psychosis, anticholinergic effects, heart block, arrhythmias, extrapyramidal symptoms, depression, and hepatic toxicity.

      Overdose: The symptoms and the treatment of an overdose are largely the same as for the other tricyclic antidepressants.

      Add To Edit……

      Use with caution in


      Elderly people

      Decreased liver function

      Heart disease

      History of difficulty passing urine (urinary retention)

      Enlarged prostate gland (prostatic hypertrophy)

      History of increased pressure within the eye, eg glaucoma

      History of epilepsy

      People at risk of seizures (fits), eg due to alcohol/drug withdrawal, brain damage, other medicines

      Overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism)

      People taking thyroid medication for an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism)

      Tumour of the adrenal gland (phaeochromocytoma)

      Psychotic illness, eg schizophrenia

      People receiving electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

      Bipolar affective disorder (manic depression)

      Hereditary blood disorders called porphyrias.

      Not to be used in

      Severe liver disease

      People who have recently had a heart attack

      Defect of the heart’s electrical message pathways resulting in decreased function of the heart (heart block)

      Irregular heart beats (arrhythmias)

      Closed angle glaucoma

      Manic phase of manic depression

      People who have taken a monoamine oxidase inhibitor antidepressant (MAOI) in the last two weeks.

      This medicine is not recommended for treating depression in children under 16 years of age, or for treating bedwetting in children under seven years of age.

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