Arthritis is a joint disorder featuring inflammation. A joint is an area of the body where two bones meet. A joint functions to allow movement of the body parts it connects. Arthritis literally means inflammation of one or more joints. Arthritis is frequently accompanied by joint pain. Joint pain is referred to as arthralgia.

Arthritis is classified as one of the rheumatic diseases. These are conditions that are different individual illnesses, with differing features, treatments, complications, and prognosis. They are similar in that they have a tendency to affect the joints, muscles, ligaments, cartilage, and tendons, and many have the potential to affect internal body areas as well. There are many forms of arthritis (over 100 have been described so far, and the number is growing). The forms range from those related to wear and tear of cartilage (such as osteoarthritis) to those associated with inflammation as a result of an overactive immune system (such as rheumatoid arthritis). Together, the many forms of arthritis make up the most common chronic illness in the United States.

Arthritis sufferers include men and women, children and adults. Approximately 350 million people worldwide have arthritis. Over 40 million people in the United States are affected by arthritis, including over a quarter million children! More than half of those with arthritis are under 65 years of age. Nearly 60% of Americans with arthritis are women.

Arthritis Causes

The causes of arthritis depend on the form of arthritis. Causes include injury (leading to degenerative arthritis), abnormal metabolism (such as gout and pseudogout), inheritance (such as in osteoarthritis), infections (such as in the arthritis of Lyme disease), and an overactive immune system (such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus). Treatment programs, when possible, are often directed toward the precise cause of the arthritis. More than 21 million Americans have osteoarthritis. Approximately 2.1 million Americans suffer from rheumatoid arthritis.

Arthritis Symptoms

Symptoms of arthritis include pain and limited function of joints. Inflammation of the joints from arthritis is characterized by joint stiffness, swelling, redness, and warmth. Tenderness of the inflamed joint can be present. Loss of range of motion and deformity can result. Certain forms of arthritis can also be associated with pain and inflammation of tendons surrounding joints.

Some forms of arthritis are more of an annoyance than a serious medical problem. However, millions of people suffer daily with pain and disability from arthritis or its complications. Moreover, many of the forms of arthritis, because they are rheumatic diseases, can cause symptoms affecting various organs of the body that do not directly involve the joints. Therefore, symptoms in some patients with certain forms of arthritis can also include fever, gland swelling, weight loss, fatigue, feeling unwell, and even symptoms from abnormalities of organs such as the lungs, heart, or kidneys.

Home Remedies for Arthritis

Arthritis treatment by means of Potato Juice:

The raw potato juice treatment is considered one of the most victorious biological treatments for rheumatic and arthritic situations. It has been used in folk medicine for over centuries. The conventional technique of preparing potato juice is to cut a medium-sized potato into thin slices, without peeling the skin, and put the slices overnight in a big glass filled with cold water. The water should be drunk in the sunrise on an empty stomach.. A medium-sized potato must be diluted with a cup of water and drunk first thing in the morning. One of the good and well liked home remedies for arthritis

Arthritis treatment with Other Raw Juices:

One cup of green juice, extracted from any green leafy vegetable, diverse in equal size with carrot, celery, and red beet juices is superior for arthritis. The alkaline action of raw juices dissolves the gathering of deposits around the joints and in extra tissues. A cup of fresh pineapple juice is also precious, as the enzyme bromelain in fresh pineapple juice reduces swelling and inflammation in osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Arthritis treatment via Sesame Seeds

A teaspoon of black sesame seeds, drenched in a quarter cup of water and kept overnight, has been found to be efficient in preventing frequent joint pains. The water in which the seeds are soaked must also be taken along with the seeds first thing in the morning. One of the best home remedies for arthritis

Arthritis treatment by means of Copper:

Drinking water kept overnight in a copper container accumulates traces of copper, which is said to build up the muscular system. A copper ring or bracelet is worn for the same cause.

Arthritis treatment with Calcium

Studies have exposed that calcium can help arthritis. Several patients have discovered that joint pains have either been reassured or have disappeared entirely after taking calcium. This mineral must be taken in the form of calcium lactate. Two teaspoons of calcium lactate, each teaspoon providing 400 mg of absorbable calcium, may be taken three times each day in water, before meals for at least four months.

Arthritis treatment via Garlic:

Garlic is an additional successful remedy for arthritis. It contains an anti-inflammatory property, which accounts for its efficiency in the treatment of this disease. Garlic may be taken raw or cooked according to person preference. One of the effective home remedies for arthritis

Arthritis treatment via Bananas:

Bananas, being a rich source of vitamin B6, have proved helpful in the treatment of arthritis. A diet of merely bananas for three or four days is advised in treating this situation. The patient may eat eight or nine bananas daily throughout this period and nothing else.

Find powerful herbal remedies Rheumatic Arthritis

Arthritis treatment with Lime

Lime has also been found useful as a home remedy for arthritis. The citric acid found in lime is a solvent of uric acid, which is the chief cause of some types of arthritis. The juice of one lime, diluted with water, may be taken once a day, if possible first thing in the morning.

Arthritis treatment with Alfalfa:

A tea made from the herb alfalfa, particularly from its seeds, has shown useful results in the treatment of arthritis. One teaspoon of alfalfa seeds might be added to one cup of water. Three to four cups of this tea must be taken daily by arthritics for at least two weeks. One of the safe home remedies for arthritis

Arthritis treatment by means of Green Gram Soup

Another home remedy found helpful in relieving pains in the joints is the use of green gram soup. This soup must be prepared by mixing a tablespoon of green gram in a cup of water, with two crushed garlic cloves. It must be taken two times a day

Arthritis treatment via Castor Oil:

Treatment with castor oil has been found helpful in arthritis. The process, as prescribed by a Spanish doctor, is to boil two tablespoons of castor oil over a stove burner. The oil must then be poured into a glass of fresh orange juice and taken before breakfast each day till the disease is cured. It was advised to patients to take it for three weeks, stay for another three weeks and then do it again for another three weeks. It is, though, essential that the patient must take an alkaline diet while adopting this form of treatment otherwise the value of the treatment will be gone. One of the well liked home remedies for arthritis

Arthritis treatment via Coconut or Mustard Oil

Warm coconut oil or mustard oil, mixed with two or three pieces of camphor must be massaged on rigid and aching joints. It will amplify blood supply, and decrease inflammation and stiffness with the calm warmth produced while massaging.

About the author:

Source: http://www.sooperarticles.com/health-fitness-articles/pain-swelling-articles/causes-symptoms-home-remedies-arthritis-joint-pain-treatment-368581.html


prognosis lupus sle

25 thoughts on “Prognosis Lupus Sle

    1. tell me tell me tell me

      In the 1950s, most patients diagnosed with SLE lived fewer than five years. Advances in diagnosis and treatment have improved survival to the point where over 90% of patients now survive for more than ten years, and many can live relatively asymptomatically. The most common cause of death is infection due to immunosuppression as a result of medications used to manage the disease. Prognosis is normally worse for men and children than for women; fortunately, if symptoms are present after age 60, the disease tends to run a more benign course. The ANA is the most sensitive screening test, while anti-Sm (anti-Smith) is the most specific. The ds-DNA (double-stranded DNA) antibody is also fairly specific and often fluctuates with disease activity; the ds-DNA titer is therefore sometimes useful to diagnose or monitor acute flares or response to treatment.

  1. karl j

    What r canine lupus symptoms, what is prognosis. Need to add to the Vets knowledge hopefully?
    my Boston Terrier/Shiz-tsu is at vets he is unable to locate cause of flucuating fever, some drooling, lack of appetite.White blood cell count at the bottom of the scale. All other tests (kidneys, Liver) coming back normal. Was being treated to some infection in esophogus being given anti-biotics. Would like to offer vet an alternative diagnosis

    1. Pam

      Systemic Lupus Erythematosus(SLE): is one of several diseases known as “the great imitators” because its symptoms vary so widely it often mimics or is mistaken for other illnesses, and because the symptoms come and go unpredictably. Diagnosis can be elusive, with patients sometimes suffering unexplained symptoms and untreated SLE for years. Common initial and chronic complaints are fever, malaise, joint pains, myalgias and fatigue.

      Discoid Lupus symptoms: normally starts as loss of pigment around the nose. There may be scabby sores or just scaling of the nasal tissue. The surface of the nose may change from its typical cobblestoned appearance to a smooth surface.

  2. awissa

    Lupus…..?
    My mom might have Lupus. She has the butterfly rash and she hasnt gotten a test back from the doctor but he really thinks she does. Is Lupus serious? I’ve heard it takes a very long time to take its full course. In many years does Lupus kill you?
    my mom is in an RN
    so she is very well informed about Lupus

    1. christibro40

      Hi, Im Chris. I have Lupus and have had it probablly since I was in my early teens. I’m now almost 40. I also own a support group for people with autoimmune diseases. Well, Lupus can do and attack almost any organ. However, there are various degrees. The prognosis is much better today then even 10 years ago. It can come on quickly and diminish with time, or a person may have it hit slow, with periods of remmison. It does effect skin but there are two types of lupus SLE (which is systemic, meaning whole body) or Discoid (meaning just skin). I have had many “Flares”, some very serious, and some mild ones. Part of living well with Lupus is a persons fight and attitude. There is no reason, with proper medical care that your mother can’t lead a full life. There are more Family support and outside support are also paramount. As a person who lives with, as well as the researcher for the group I own, with other memebers, my knowledge base has grown. As well as a very good Rhuemotologist, that is important, and going to appoitments with a specilaist is paramount in catching any organ threatning, or even milder cases of lupus quickly. Several in our group still continue working, some not. So until you find out for sure, worry and stress will only make you and your mom feel worse. I also know from personal experience, when I don’t eat fast food, I recover quicker, and have longer periods of remmison, as well as I just feel better. Along with blood work, a butterfly rash your mother must meet a minimum of 4 of 11 critera for a possible or probable diagnosis.
      Thank You,
      Chris B

  3. tmang0502

    pls react on this journal… your reaction would be a great help…thanks God Bless?
    ‘Multi-target’ Immune Therapy Improves Outcomes Of Severe Lupus Nephritis
    ScienceDaily (July 7, 2008) — A new treatment using a combination of drugs targeting different parts of the immune system improves the recovery rate for patients with severe lupus involving the kidneys, according to a new report.
    “In our study, multi-target therapy is shown to be superior to traditional therapy for inducing complete remission of class V+IV lupus nephritis, with few side effects,” comments Dr. Lei-Shi Li of the Research Institute of Nephrology of Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine in Nanjing,China.
    The study included 40 patients with severe lupus nephritis. Lupus nephritis is inflammation of the kidneys occurring in patients with the immune system disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). All patients had “class V+IV” disease, meaning widespread inflammation and decreasing function of the kidneys. “This is a severe form of lupus nephritis that is traditionally treated with a single immunosuppressant drug, but the efficacy is very poor,” says Dr. Li. “We considered that, since the impact of severe SLE on the kidney involves various parts of the immune system, it is necessary to treat the different immune targets with a combination of immunosuppressant drugs.”
    One group of patients received this “multi-target” therapy, consisting of the immunosuppressant drugs tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil–commonly used as anti-rejection drugs in transplant patients–plus a steroid. The other group received standard treatment with a single immunosuppressant drug (cyclophosphamide).
    The complete remission rate, with recovery of normal kidney function, was about four times higher among patients receiving the three-drug combination. “For patients receiving multi-target therapy, the complete remission rate reached 65 percent at nine months, versus only 15 percent under traditional therapy,” says Dr. Li.
    Some patients in both groups had partial remission, with some return of kidney function. Overall, 95 percent of patients in the multi-target therapy group had partial or complete remission, compared to 55 percent with single-drug therapy. The rate of most adverse effects was also lower with multi-target therapy.
    Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disorder, in which the immune system attacks healthy organs and tissues. By reducing immune system activity, treatment with immunosuppressant drugs has improved most outcomes for patients with SLE. However, class V+IV lupus nephritis continues to be a major problem–it has a poor response to traditional treatments and can lead to permanent kidney damage. “The prognosis is very poor, so it is important for us to develop a new regimen for the treatment of this type of lupus nephritis,” says Dr. Li.
    Using a combination of drugs that affect different immune targets, multi-target therapy improves the chances of remission for patients with severe lupus nephritis. “The therapeutic effect of our multi-target therapy is apparently superior to traditional therapy for inducing complete remission of Class V+IV lupus nephritis, and also bears good tolerance under relatively lower dosages,” Dr. Li adds.
    The authors stress that their study is only preliminary. The study includes a small group of patients from a single hospital, with a relatively short follow-up time. Larger randomized trials with longer follow-up are required.

  4. Sofia T

    lupus?????????help???????????????????
    can u die from lupus?
    can the symptoms leave completly?
    pls answer the 2 qs and n e extra info i would really appreciate it

    1. ★☆✿❀

      Yes, you can die as a result of complications from Lupus. Although this is uncommon now because science has developed many new tests to monitor the diseases and there are also many medications that can help.

      There are many different ‘types’ of Lupus. The most common SLE, is unlikely to ever just disappear completely. It is a chronic disease, but with the use of medication it can go into remission (periods without symptoms). There is a type of Lupus called Drug Induced Lupus. This has a very good prognosis.

      ….

  5. .

    Is the cognitive dysfunction that results from Systemic Lupus Erythematosus generally permanent?
    According to research findings from Dr. Betty Diamond (Columbia University), the anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies, which are able to permeate the blood-brain barrier in some patients, attack glutamate-rich nerve cells in the cerebral cortex of the brain by acting on N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. A medication which can block these receptors is being investigated, with claims that cognitive dysfunction could be prevented or even reversed, but what effects would that have on synaptic plasticity and memory function?

    Apologies if any of the above is nonsensical, as I feel like my head is full of broken glass ATM. I’m a 16-year-old female being tested for much suspected SLE. I wasn’t at all bothered by the physical pains, but further cognitive decline would be the most horrible prognosis imaginable. I haven’t been able to find much literature on the topic, especially concerning younger patients, so if anyone can point me in the right direction it would be much appreciated.

    Thanks for your thoughts.

  6. Cassie

    I went to doctors:ANA’s slightly elevated?
    Ok i talked to my doctor today and she said my Antinuclear Antibody was elevated slightly. I mean confused does that mean im a little bit sick. Shes checking me for lupus and lyme disease. If i have lupus does that mean its in the beginning stages because its only slightly elevated. Thanks

    1. ►Noble◄

      ANA has a poor diagnostic correlation with lupus (SLE). It is a sensitive test, so if you test positive all it means you can’t rule out SLE from the diagnosis. ANA is sometimes elevated before symptoms of SLE even set in, so its hard to determine any prognosis or duration from ANA levels. A positive ANA test result may suggest an autoimmune disease, but further specific testing is required to assist in making a final diagnosis. Doctors do ANA because its a quick and relatively cheap test. Your doctor will probably conduct a test for “anti-double-stranded-DNA” (anti-dsDNA) or “Anti-Smith Antibody” (anti-Sm) both of which are better diagnostic and prognostic tests. I hope I was helpful in answering your question.

  7. grebcrystal

    Does anyone know about Canine Lupus?
    My Sisters dog Tank might have Lupus and the vets are waiting for the test results. He is part Beagle and wiener dog mix. Just a short litte guy. We found this out yesterday and are waiting for the vet to call back.
    Does anyone have experiance with this? Is it hereditary? I would like to learn a bit about it today.

    1. srmainman

      Systemic lupus erythematosis
      The classic example of a multi-systemic autoimmune disease is systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE), also known as lupus. Often called the “great imitator, lupus can mimic nearly any other disease state. The signs of SLE may be acute (sudden onset) or chronic and are usually cyclic. A fluctuating fever that does not respond to antibiotics is one of the hallmark signs, as is a stiff gait or shifting lameness (polyarthritis, see below). Other signs may include a hemolytic anemia or thrombocytopenia, leukopenia (a low white blood count), or a symmetrical dermatitis, especially over the bridge of the nose (“butterfly lesion,”).

      Two other organ systems may be affected by SLE. Polymyositis, an inflammation of multiple muscle groups, causes gait abnormalities, muscle wasting, fever, and pain as well as the attitude changes one expects from a dog that hurts. A similar inflammation of the glomerulus, the functional unit of the kidney, produces a condition termed glomerulonephritis. This leads to protein loss in the urine and eventual renal (kidney) failure.

      As when diagnosing similar diseases, a CBC (complete blood count), serum chemistry analysis, and urinalysis are starting points. The antinuclear antibody test (ANA) has become the definitive test for diagnosing SLE. It more consistently diagnoses positive cases than older tests and is less affected by time and steroid therapy. This test requires only a few milliliters of serum, which is sent to a veterinary laboratory specializing in animal assays.

      Therapy is based on the anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects of corticosteroids or the more potent Cytoxan and Imuran, discussed in the January issue. However, because of the wide-ranging effects of lupus, other supportive therapy tailored for the individual case may be required. Antibiotic therapy is important for those dogs with infections due to low white cell counts and immunosuppressive therapy. Support for the dog with renal dysfunction may include fluid therapy and a low protein diet.

      The prognosis for patients with SLE is guarded, especially when complicated by kidney disorder. Severe, generalized infections of the kidney (pyelonephritis), joints (septic arthritis), or bloodstream (septicemia) are usually non-treatable signs of advanced disease.

  8. fellowhuman123

    a question about a breakup because of an illness ?
    My fiancée was recently diagnosed to have SLE (systemic lupus erythematosis) an autoimmune disease, I told her I don’t mind and its really ok with me and I want to get on with the marriage –which we planned to hold next September- . However she insists on breakup and she says she won’t be ready for any commitment esp. in her current health condition. – The doctor says the prognosis is good, and the disease will take a benign course,- I love her the way she is regardless her illness , but she have been very hard on me . I hate this whole scarification thing(from her part) I don’t care about the illness. Should I leave her if she keeps insisting or should I tolerate her regardless how hard she tries to send me away and do you think its only because the illness ?

    1. Becky W

      i have been with my boyfriend for 9 years. i have been Thur a double transplant and a leg amputation,and a lot of other things due to my diabetes. my boyfriend never left my side even when i asked him to. i kept saying it was not fair to him because of all my medical problems. i am happy to say that he has stayed with me nd we are happy and more in love now than we were in the begging. i know that he loves me no matter what crap might get in our way.

      your fiancee just needs time to deal with her new life or the new problems that has been recently brought to her attention. stay by her side and prove to her that you love her no matter what is involved with her health.

      the wedding vows say Thur sickness and health and good and bad. unfortunately you have some of the bad before you get married but you will show her that love stands the test of time.

      good luck with your decision. may god bless and keep her while she is trying to get use to her illness.may you and her have a long and happy life together.just remember that love will keep you together.

  9. thaDub

    Nose Depigmentation?
    I’ve done research online about it and cannot find an answer because the conclusions are conflicting. Which material is it that causes depigmentation in dogs’ noses- metal or plastic?

    I’m desperate to find out about this.because my Siberian Husky (a breed that is said to be prone to “snow nose” or “winter nose”) has a light brown space going down the middle of her nose and I don’t want it to get worse.

    1. Jason Homan

      Hi Substyle!!
      It is Discoid lupus is mediated skin disease that is probably related to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) but instead of affecting the whole body as SLE does, it primarily affects the nose and face.

      The disease normally starts as loss of pigment around the nose. There may be scabby sores or just scaling of the nasal tissue. The surface of the nose may change from its typical cobblestoned appearance to a smooth surface. As this disease progresses it can cause deep sores on the borders of the nose where it meets normal skin and the sores start to progress up the bridge of the nose. Some dogs seem to be really bothered by this condition and others show little reaction to the sores.
      The most common initial symptom is scaling and loss of pigment on the nose. This is found in up to 90 percent of dogs. The surface of the nose becomes smooth, instead of the normal cobblestone texture. Over time the lips, the skin around the eyes, the ears, and the genitals may become involved. Lesions may progress to ulceration and lead to tissue destruction. DLE is often worse in summer due to increased sun exposure.

      Ultraviolet light seems to make the sores worse, so the disease may appear to be seasonal.
      DLE is easily confused with solar dermatitis, pemphigus, ringworm, and other types of dermatitis. Biopsy is required to make the distinction. Unlike in SLE, an anti-nuclear antibody test is usually negative

      Avoiding sun exposure and the use of sunscreens (not containing zinc oxide, which is toxic to dogs) is important. Topical therapy includes corticosteroid use. Oral vitamin E or omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids are also used. More refractory cases may require the use of oral corticosteroids, azathioprine, or chlorambucil. Treatment is often lifelong, but there is a good prognosis for longterm remission.

      There is no known cause of this problem but it does seem more frequent in dogs of the German Shepherd, Australian Shepherd, Collie, Brittany spaniel, Shetland sheepdog, Siberian husky and German shorthaired pointer breeds. There is a possible genetic predisposition and the condition is complicated by exposure to ultraviolet radiation.

      Jason Homan

  10. pookiebutt

    why do i have such a severe pain in my ribs?
    when i was younger i had this severe pain in my rib cage. i had gone to the doctors and they said it was from coughing too hard and/or because my rib cage was expanding too far out and not returning all the way back? do these sound reasonable?

    anyways, this pain would come and go and its been here for about a week now and its really intense. it hasnt returned since i was about 12. i havent been coughing so why does it hurt so bad? i havent been injured or anything either! please help

    1. cshs1960

      Pleurisy And Pleural Effusion

      What Is It? | Symptoms | Diagnosis | Expected Duration | Prevention | Treatment | When To Call A Professional | Prognosis | Additional Info

      Pleurisy means inflammation of the pleura, the membrane that covers the lungs and lines the inside of the chest cavity. Depending on its cause, pleurisy can be associated with an accumulation of fluid in the space between the lungs and chest wall called a pleural effusion, or it can be dry pleurisy, which has no fluid accumulation.

      Pleurisy can develop many ways, including:

      Lung infection — In industrialized nations, bacterial pneumonia (lung infection) resulting from staphylococci, pneumococci, Haemophilus influenzae or other organisms is a frequent cause of pleurisy. In developing nations where tuberculosis is common, pulmonary tuberculosis is another important cause. When pleurisy is caused by a bacterial lung infection, it can be associated with a pus-filled pleural effusion. Viral lung infections, especially epidemic pleurodynia (an infection usually caused by coxsackieviruses or echoviruses), also can cause pleurisy.
      Pulmonary embolism — A pulmonary embolism is a blood clot that has floated through the bloodstream and lodged in the lungs. In people with pulmonary embolism, symptoms of pleurisy tend to occur when the pulmonary embolism is fairly small and has lodged in a part of the lungs near the pleura..

      Lung cancer — Pleurisy can develop in people with lung cancer. When pleurisy occurs because of lung cancer, a bloody pleural effusion is common.
      Rheumatic fever — Rheumatic fever, an inflammatory condition that sometimes occurs after a streptococcal infection, can cause pleurisy, as well as inflammation in other parts of the body, including the heart and joints.
      Connective tissue disorders — Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE or lupus) and other connective tissue disorders can cause inflammation of the pleura.
      Rare causes — Radiation therapy (for cancer), a collapsed lung (pneumothorax) and pericarditis (as with severe kidney failure or following a heart attack) all can be associated with pleurisy.
      No identifiable cause — Pleurisy can develop for no clear reason despite extensive investigation. These cases are rare, and usually are presumed to be caused by a viral infection

  11. Kasey

    I was diagnosed with SLE, I need more info please..?
    I was recently diagnosed with SLE, it is a autoimmune disease form of lupus. My titter count was extremely high that noted the presence of the disease. I have had it over ten years but they just found it now. they seemed concerned on how much its already damaged my body. I need more information on this. Personal experience with the disease would be great if you could give me some advise. Thanks

  12. sankaran1

    Is it SLE or some other condition?
    My friend, who is an X-ray technician by profession, had severe body pains, mainly on joints 6 months back. No other symptoms, including skin rashes. She has a child of one year old. In lab inv. ESR, ANA, anti ds DNA were positive. Doctors told her that she has incomplete SLE, and steroids were given.

    Now, she was investigated again and the following tests were positive. PCNA, R-O 52, Scl 70. The doctors say, it may not be SLE, but some other auto immune disease. In the diagnosis column, they noted like this,?SLE/ ?SJS. She cannot stop the steroids. It will increase pain. (She has hypothyroidism, and on thyroxine tabs 50mg). What is the actual problem? What is the prognosis? Should she continue treatment for a long time? Is it related with exposure to Xray? Please help.

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