Almost everyone has some area of skin where the pigmentation is slightly abnormal. Skin pigmentation problems can range from moderate (freckles) to severe (hyperpigmentation) but most are treatable to some extent and rarely present a health problem in most healthy individuals.

What are the causes of skin pigmentation?
Skin pigmentation can appear in various ways

Freckles-These are patches of skin that can range in size from a pin head to moderate patches. They are common in individuals with fair to moderate skin.
Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation- Normally occurs as a result of changes in the level of hormones due to natural causes or medications such as birth control and hormones. Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation or melasma, as it also known as, normally appears as dark spots on the face, stomach, and even legs.

Liver spots- Although liver spots are often equated with old age, age is not a prerequisite for their appearance. On the contrary, liver spots are often seen in those who spend a large amount of time in the sun and they can be signs of skin damage and even skin cancer. If you have not previously had liver spots and notice their sudden appearance you should definitely seek the attention of a health care professional to rule out any signs of illness or cancer.

Most skin pigmentation is superficial and can be treated with the use of lasers to reduce its appearance. The methods that can be used to treat skin pigmentation will be in direct relation to its cause and severity. In other words, the use of lasers (also known as intense pulsed light therapy) will be used cautiously when applicable, but may not be used at all if the skin pigmentation problem is too deep or can be treated more effectively via another procedure.

What are the benefits of laser skin pigmentation treatment?

It can improve your self-esteem- Having a pigmentation problem can make you self-conscious and lower your self esteem. Laser treatment can boost your confidence and help you walk with your head held high.

It safely lessens the appearance of the pigmentation problem-In some cases you may not be able to totally eliminate the pigmentation but it can reduce the appearance of it and make it less noticeable.

It can eliminate the need for covering up with unnecessary clothing and makeup- Wearing long sleeves and jeans in the summer can be a pain, as well as loading up on make-up to cover up your appearance.

With laser skin pigmentation treatment you can feel free to just be you.

31 thoughts on “Reduce The Signs Of Skin Pigmentation With Laser Treatments

  1. scweetci_87bc

    Lupus arthritis and short leg cast?
    I injured my foot the first week in September, and was put in a boot but after an MRI and weeks of not getting better my orthopedist put me in a short leg cast. After a week, my foot feels 90% better but my ankle keeps swelling from the arthritis. I cannot sleep. Sometimes my toes feel cold and my skin on my ankle feels like it is on fire. Does anyone have any tips on what to do?

    I keep icing it at night, and I use a hairdryer on cool to dry out the sweat. I’m supposed to be in it until the 30th.

    Because of the break, I had to stop my treatment for Lupus, so now I’ve got a flare up as well. My Rheumatologist is being stubborn and refuses to treat me at all until my foot is completely healed.

    1. Mgunnycappo

      It makes absolutely no sense whatever that your doctor would stop your treatment for Lupus (I’m assuming that you have SLE since you referred to your arthritis as Lupus Arthritis).

      The ‘fire’ you’re feeling in your ankle probably isn’t from your Lupus but maybe from gout a common disease that is more prevailant in people with Lupus. I’m sure you’re on an anti inflamatory for your foot pain but you may want to talk to your rheumatologist about switching to indicin or even go back on prednisone which would treat the gout and your Lupus inflammation (it’s like a two for one).

      What medications were you taking for your Lupus and why did the doctor tell you to stop. I actually think that’s insane unless your ortho put you on some type of medication that was contra indicated. I would speak with your rheumatologist ASAP and get some answers. If they will not speak with you or explain what is going on then it’s time to switch doctors.

  2. Dance-a-Holic

    I need help editing my research paper. I’m really bad at papers…..please help!?
    Well, its on lupus. I have the intro and two body paragraphs, and I still need to do the conclusion. So, I was wondering what I should change on my paper, and what I need to add..? I also have to do a powerpoint based on the paper, that should last a minimum of 5 minutes up to 15.

    The reason why I chose this topic was because my dad has lupus, and I wanted to know more about the topic. He was diagnosed with lupus when he was about fourteen years old. He still receives treatment for it by going in for blood tests and taking medication He has the most common form of lupus, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), in which causes the antibodies to react against his own normal tissue. He has arthritis and joint problems, but nothings wrong with his internal organs. To support my dad and other lupus survivors, my family and I all go to the lupus walk in honor of remembering the people who had lupus that died. The things the audience can expect to read in this paper are the different types of lupus, the symptoms, the treatment and cures.
    Lupus is the result of an unbalanced immune system that can be destructive to any organ in the body. It can be categorized into three groups: discoid lupus Erythematosus, systemic lupus Erythematosus, and drug-induced systemic lupus Erythematosus. DLE is always limited to the skin and is identified by a rash that may appear on the face, neck, and scalp. It can evolve into the systemic form, which can affect any organ or system of the body. Systemic lupus Erythematosus is more severe than discoid lupus and can affect almost any organ or organ system of the body. No two people with SLE will have identical symptoms. Drug-induced systemic Lupus Erythematosus occurs after the use of certain prescribed drugs. It is more common in men, because the drugs are given to them more often.
    Lupus is hard to diagnose because it has a wide range of symptoms involving various parts of the body; and symptoms differ from each person. Most people develop painful joints and a rash, but lupus may also cause fatigue, depressions, and kidney problems. The treatment of lupus varies from person to person because each person has different symptoms. Most people with SLE require a regular blood test to check for lupus flares. Medication is the primary medical treatment for lupus. Presently, there are no other methods available to treat lupus because there is nothing else that can have the necessary impact on the immune system. Currently, there is no cure for lupus, but with early diagnosis and proper medical treatment it can significantly help control the disease.

    thanks. it would be much appreciated!!!!

  3. angelinaismywifey

    My LYMPH NODES are extremely palpable (for years) i have lost TOO MUCH WEIGHT, what is wrong?
    Hello….if anyone would like to try to DIAGNOSE ME, I’d be SO GRATEFUL AT THIS POINT!
    ….. i’m 30 year old female, with a 10 year old son and had a thoracic fore gut tumor(benign) removed from my chest @ 15, a good portion of which was attached to my lungs, aorta,esophagus, Trachea.
    To Date- no known complications or regrowth.
    109 lbs
    hypothyroid, on synthroid
    Had IUD recently placed in cervix
    amphetamine salts,celexa, lorazapam for depression/fatigue and ADD
    CURRANTLY AND THIS PAST YEAR: Generalized Swollen lymph glands(some firm and hard in groin area. Also where my hairline is in the back of my neck behind my ear i guess, and a few large ones up the side of my neck aligned with my shoulder), Re currant low Grade Fever(no higher than 101 w/out infection),Itchy Skin, Memory Loss,Hair loss, Acne,Bowel Changes,On and Off fatigue, mucus in my stool(for one year at least.More mucus than actual stool on average! SORRY TO BE SO GRAPHIC! Lower Back Pain, DULL ACHING PAIN on the inside of my knees,stiff neck,ankle pain after being on my feet for more than an hour.Also extremely dry; mouth,skin,hair,eyes,&nostrils, dizziness upon standing, sweats,wounds heal slowly, weird painless swelling above my butt where my dimples are(no dr has been able to guess why/what this swelling might be),diarrhea and constipation, tenderness above my belly button, hyper pigmentation on abdomen, arms and feet, anxiety, blood pressure has steadily increased throughout all of my many dr’s visits this past yr.
    ADDED RECENT SYMPTOMS:Kidney pain, visible blood in urine: for 2 months now! it was bright red and then less visible for awhile and now dark brown like tea and extremely strong smelling, hardening and bloating of abdomen, extreme fatigue, productive cough, chest pain, neck pain,easily exhausted, unexplainable bruises, muscle spasms and bulging type pain JUST under my rib on both sides separately, weird stabbing pain on my left groin area near my larger lymph glands that makes my tendon look swollen, thrush, protein in urine, HI albumin in urine, repetitive rbc in urine, BUT NO INFECTION!! (multiple negative cultures), kidney stone shows on CT in an area that is expected to be asymptomatic and may not even pass. BUT I DO HAVE difficulty urinating and cramping JUST PRESCRIBED CIPRO FOR A SECOND TREATMENT. (not sure exactly why since culture is consistantly negative)

    Many tests HAVE BEEN DONE: …..All Basics(CB C’s, liver, etc panels) + Lyme Disease,Hep(B,C etc), ANA,Sed Rate,R.F.,AIDS, Celiac Disease,Fecal Bacterial+Viral cultures,Lupus,Syphilis, Gonorrhea, Chlamydiae,Anemia, scleroderma, h. pylori, bladder cancer,
    P.C.P. says: hematologist &will do allergy & routine testing upon insurance ok
    E.N.T(ear,Nose&throat) says: inflammation or irritation down deep in my throat(but i smoke so…)
    GASTROENTROLOGIST says: gastritis, hemorrhoids,IBS, lymphoid aggragates in non lymph areas
    UROLOGIST says: extreme gross & microscopic unexplained hematuria, referral to hematologist(concerned about enlarged lymph’s in groin and unexplained hematuria———says kidney stone most likely not causing this amount of rbc,did FISH URINE TEST…NO CALL SO I’M GUESSING ALL CLEAR ON RESULTS)
    HEMATOLOGIST says: i’m thin so nodes are more palpable s we should wait. does not believe biopsy is neccessary at this point
    RHUEHEMATOLOGIST says: no signs autoimmune, non arthritic/ lupus like disease
    GYNOGYNECOLOGIST says: no infection, no discharge see urologist…
    DERMOTOLOGIST says: see rhuemotologist! lol, biopsied pigmented marks(inconclusive-possibe allergic reaction)

    i am waiting on results of a chest CT from HEMATOLOGIST because he heard alot in my lungs and another aids test(that’ll be 4 tests in the last yr(all negative)

    but i can’t remember everything! lol any EDUCATED ADVICE would be appreciated
    THANK YOU!!!! i feel so helpless when i am sooo tired or weak….. i just want a solution!

    1. PoisonTrees

      See what the CT results are. If you get no answers there, I would go to a different hematologist and insist on a biopsy. If you can’t get answers switch to a hospital that specializes in diagnostics.

  4. SazzyC

    Face rash on cheeks everyday! Allergy or lupus?
    hey there. I’ve always been blessed to have really good clear skin but for the past few months i’ve noticed a rapid change and now I seem to have this permanent pink rash high on cheeks (down from eyes and sometimes over bridge of the nose) it looks irritatated and dry but i’ve done nothing, used nothing new, use gentle washes, mostly just water now. My diet’s rich in fruit & fish . I don’t know if i have an allergy or not but my chest has also been hurting me on and off, a swollen feeling. I had a bad infection 2months ago and was givien penicilin, so i may be allergic to it, but before the treatment i had to go to casualty as my chest was so sore but docs found nothing apart from my toe infection, so that’s why i’m thinking lupus as my aunt has it.. but i’ve been off them 2months now. Apart from that, i feel in general good health, just tired and achey sometimes any help appreciated! as this rash is driving me insane! 🙁

    1. Donna B.

      That’s a very good assessment but only occurs with discoid lupus.It only will involve the skin The second type is SLE, systemic lupus erythematosus, and can involve many systems in the body. You need to see a Rheumatologist for a correct diagnosis. Take care, Donna

  5. Shelly H

    can someone who has lupus give me some advice?
    for the past 5 months…i’ve had a spreading rash on my body…started on my chest (for about 3 months)…didn’t panic about that….but then it spread to my leg, shoulders and arms. I then booked an apt with a well know dermatologist practice in the area. I saw a young trainee and she told me i had ringworm…gave me 2 weeks worth of medication and asked me to get blood work done.
    this didn’t work so when i went back the 2 weeks later…another doctor met with me and said i’m sorry but you don’t have ringworm…we believe its lupus. she said we need to take a skin sample to do a biopsy and will get back to you within 10 days.
    friday willl be the 10th day…but since i’ve met with them 5 days ago….its gotten even worse…should i call up today ????
    also what is the treatment ???
    what helps to cover up the rash ??? spray tan ????
    i just need to know as much info as possible about lupus…i’ve googled of course but i want to hear from someone who has it.
    i have had hair loss….some fatigue (but maybe thats in my head )…and my wrists do ache in winter time……i’m 28 years old !! female
    i know everyone talks about the butterfly rash…i do not have this. – no rash on my face of yet.
    just the other areas i mentioned…starting to see tiny spots coming on my hands and feet.

  6. cortlin.harrison

    is this a good research project please be honest?
    Cortlin Harrison Science 10-12
    Mrs. Cooney/ Mrs. Barends ELA 21-23
    May 19, 2009
    Antiphospholipid Syndrome

    Antiphospholipid Syndrome is a disorder in which the body recognizes certain normal components of blood and/or cell membranes as foreign substances and produces antibodies against them. This disorder is non-infectious which means that this disorder can’t be passed from person to person by contact. Pregnant women are more prone to get this disorder than anyone else, and African Americans, and Hispanics but like other disorders anyone can get Antiphospholipid Syndrome

    The symptoms and characteristics of this disorder are not hard to spot. Some symptoms of the disorder are veins or arteries of the arms or legs may cause pain, numbness, tingling in the feet. Arteries of the heart may cause chest pain or heart attack, the individual with this disorder may have heart murmur. In pregnant women with Antiphospholipid Syndrome, miscarriage can occur prior to 20 week of gestation, while pre-eclampsia is reported to occur after that time. Blood vessels of the skin – may cause painful bruises (purpura) or a condition called livedo reticularis. Blood vessels of the brain – if a clot cuts off blood supply to a part of the brain, this causes a stroke. An individual with APS may also experience migraine headaches or seizures.

    There is no cure and there is no way to avoid getting this disorder. There are many treatments for this disorder. But the most successful treatment is anticoagulant therapy. This is usually successful in preventing further blood clots. This disorder can severely damage the body in many different ways because good cells attack other good cells and that causes chaos through the body. And when a weak or strong pathogen enters the body it can be deadly.

    Some other information about Antiphospholipid Syndrome is, 1-5% of the world population is known to have this disorder, and 40-50% of patients with lupus also have APS. One third of strokes occurring in younger people (under the age of 50) are due to Antiphospholipid Syndrome. One third of patients with Antiphospholipid Syndrome are said to have lupus, and or Raynaud disease. APS is more common in young to middle-aged adults; however, it also manifests in children and elderly people. Disease onset has been reported in children as young as 8 months.

    This disorder is very rare and not very deadly but this disorder can still affect your way of life, the way you think, and can make you dizzy and other things. My mom has this disorder and sometimes it’s hard to get around and such, but you can still fight back by eating a healthy diet and seeing a special doctor called a Rheumatologist, this doctor specializes in these types of rare disorders.

  7. sante

    Was I misdiagnose? lupus or weak immune system?
    8 months ago while I was pregnant, I was diagnose with lupus. But the only symptoms that I am experiencing is joints pain and fatique some times. My doctor said that all of my organs are fine, I do not have a butterfly face neither skin problem. I wonder if the diagnosis was wrong.

    Does a weak immune system can cause thoses symptoms? I refuse to go on hormones treatments and trying to work on strenghtening my immune system first and hopefully reverse the condition.

    your experience and advise are welcome

    1. reifguy

      lupus is many stages ,and there is discoid and systemic lupus ,the immune system isnt weak in lupus its reacting in a way damaging the body and causing problems and inflammations ,if your diagnosis wasnt correct or u doubt it ,get a second opinion from a rheumatologist ,diagnosing lupus isnt easy in early stages and once diagnosed many go through remissions and relapse ,

  8. Terisa

    Can anyone diagnose me?
    My name is Terisa and I am in desperate need of help! I am 19 years old and have been very ill for almost a year now. I have seen several doctors (including specialists), had hundreds of tests, and even more medications and treatments to no avail. I am getting pretty desperate because the nature of my illness is one that restricts me to home, limits me to few activities, and most importantly, keeps me in constant pain. I am hoping that somewhere out there is my House. I am looking for a doctor looking for a challenge or someone that has struggled with illness that may have answers! I am willing to take any suggestions so if anyone has any idea of what I could have, please feel free to put in your two cents! And please don’t hold back because of how serious a diagnoses you have. I’ve been told I have all sorts of terrible diseases so I’m not shy about that. The following are my symptoms.

    *Wide spread, chronic, severe pain that is worst in the knees, hips, and back. The pain is made worse by movement, sitting, standing, exercise, walking, bending over, crouching down, and on bad days, laying down. The pain is helped by narcotic pain killers and heat but never goes away completely. A normal day my pain is between a 5 and 7 on the pain scale. With drugs, a 3 to 6 (The pain started March 2nd, 2009. At the time I was diagnosed with a bulging disc but I have since been undiagnosed. However the pain mimics that of a bulging disc if that helps.)

    *Chronic, debilitating fatigue. This is more recent than the pain.

    *Insomnia (I have always slept well before this.)

    *Hair loss

    *Cold Intolerance

    *Clotting disorder (This one is bizarre. I have never had a problem until recently when I started bleeding into a bruise (blood started to pool under the skin at bruise site) and had a nose bleed for 2 hours. Tests show that I have a problem with my clotting time and my Factor 7 is high.)

    *Severe abdominal pain (Severe abdominal spasms that bring me to my knees. I have been diagnosed with IBS but I include this as a symptom just in case.)

    *Joint stiffness and weakness.

    *Numbness, tingling, and weakness in left leg and lower back (this is why they thought I had a bulging disc.)

    *Occasional twitching and shaking

    *Extreme changes in appetite (sometimes I can’t eat and sometimes I can’t stop.)



    *Stomach Ulcer (this might be stress related or some bizarre manifestation or what I have, I don;t know yet.)

    *Changes in menstrual cycle even though I am on birth control and have been for 2 years.

    *Irritability, anxiety, and depression.

    Now here is the really bizarre part. I have been tested for and do not have: Hypothyroidism, Leukemia, Lupus, Rheumatoid Arthritis, A factor 7 disease, pregnancy, or anemia. This is where I stump everyone. I test negative for everything! So this is where I need help. If anyone has an idea of 1) What else I could possible have or 2) how it is possible that I could have the above mentioned things and test negative.

    Well thanks for your time and help. I really appreciate anything anyone can offer me!

    Thanks again.

    1. Rockford

      I’ll just throw some ideas out there

      -Severe abdominal pain, diahrea and hair loss can be from adrenal insufficiency.

      -Irritability, extreme increases in hunger and insomia and body wide pain can be from increase in cortisol levels like in cushings syndrome which doesn’t really match but I thought I would mention it.

      -depression and insomia is understandable if you are in pain and can’t get a deep night sleep. I’m in chronic pain a sleep study showed I woke up 9 times every hour without knowing it. Hypothyroid also causes insominia but you were checked for that.

      -Discomfort in the stomach when bending over can be from a hiatal hernia.

      Pain in the joints and body, numbness and tingling can be from Oedema (swelling) which may not be obvious. Some girls get Idiopathic Cyclic Edema.

      Low vitamin C can cause fatigue, extreme joint pain and bleeding. Low vitamin D can cause body pain and fatigue.

      Cold intolerance can be from not eating enough calories, cold agglutnin disease, infection, etc. I would also look up Hughes Syndrome which is closely related to Lupus (although it doesn’t fit with your nose bleeds). You can also have low iron body stores without being anemic.

      I would look up Reiters Snydrome if you have joint pain and were sexually active. I would get off the birth control to see if the joint pain is a drug reaction.

      I gave you one link for a rare blood cancer that causes bleeding

      I hope I don’t send you on a wild goose chase since I have no medical background. It’s best to remember back when the first symptoms started and what was it. Don’t get side tracked with new symptoms that are a result of medication. I hope you find a answer without having to dig too much.

  9. WolfeDCool

    Inflammation of the fatty layer under the skin of the skull?
    I have LUPUS SLE and BEHCET Syndrome. I get sudden lumps all around the skull and forehead which are very painful. To the extent that I cannot rest my head on a pillow. My Dr. said it is inflmmation of the fatty layer of skin and I would like to know what next? And what excatly causes it or how to treat it, if any treatment? Thank you.

    1. Scouttster

      I would say anytime that happens – grab some Vodka and Orange juice, and have a few drinks or more.. Get drunk!
      The reason it does that is because its a bacterial infection in your system and thats where it shows itself… Alcohol kills bacteria. So, start drinking and you will be able to tame and maybe completely eliminate it from your system.

  10. Eden*

    I agree with Brian. Rumours and hearsay with a desire to hurt and dismantle someone is pernicious. And as you said once in another post, useless to defend yourself when a person’s mindset is immovable.
    I can understand the Lupus rash for obvious reasons, although it was the one thing my daughter was never afflicted with severely, now and then she did have patches of dry skin that turned red and brown and were very painful and as a result she never wore dresses or skirts in the summertime so if Michael wore a glove to try and disguise his condition why does anyone have a problem with that?
    He’s going to be judged no matter what facts come out to the contrary sadly

  11. LuLuBelle

    Cystic Acne treatment?
    I have only recently begun to have terrible acne, and the doc did say that there is some cystic acne. I cant see a dermatologist as there are none available at all in my area, and my GP told me he wont prescribe anything till fall because of the reactions of these meds to the sun. He did recommend an over the counter product, but after one month it began to irritate my skin to the point it was burning. So–the acne is worsening and it HURTS. Isnt there something I can do or use? I have really, really sensitive skin.

    I am SO sick of this. I also have Lupus, but I am pretty sure that has nothing to do with it other than causing a severe reaction to a combination of sun and medications….Please help if you can….but please don’t say proactive solution…..thanks.
    I really appreciate everyones help!
    Please remember I cant go to a dermatologist; there just ISN’T one around here, trust me I have been trying for ever:(

    The OTC product I was using was PanOxyl.

    I also cannot any drugs that can cause reactions with the sun, as I already have Lupus which causes me to get hives and sunburn even before any meds:(
    Well, found something that works very well for me, immediately! I am using Dove Sensitive Essentials face wash with Dove Day Lotion SPF, then at night I wash with Dove, then put on Aloe Gel, then use Garnier “A” spot treatment or crest toothpaste, and I cannot believe how well its working!!!

    1. berkeleygirl

      Here are some REALLY good, and very inexpensive ways to treat most acne at home. Try each method (unless you’re allergic to the ingredients) until you find one that works best for you. Good luck =) BTW, I know some of these may sound bizarre but try them…what have you got to lose other than the acne!!

      1. Put toothpaste on your acne before going to bed. (Make sure it is paste not gel). It should reduce the swelling of acne noticeably.

      2. Dab egg whites on your acne and leave on for 20 minutes or overnight. It’s supposed to pull the infection out of the blemish.

      3. Wash acne infected areas twice a day with warm salt water. This reduces oils in the skin and helps to dry the acne up without further agitation.

      4. Use ice on acne before going to bed. This works best on pimples that have not yet formed a head. It reduces swelling and helps to prevent scarring.

      5. Wash and dab acne with cotton balls that have been soaked in vinegar. Let dry; do not wash off immediately.

      6. Place strawberries leaves over your acne and the alkalinity will help to reduce the swelling.

  12. screamingfreedom

    I agree with the above. See your doctor. Lupus can only be diagnosed by a doctor not a discussion group. Whether it is lupus or some thing else you want to catch it early.

    Most of your symptoms are not consistent with lupus. To be diagnosed with lupus you need to match at least 4 of the symptoms.
    * Butterfly rash
    * Discoid rash
    * Photosensitivity
    * Mouth ulcers
    * Arthritis
    * Inflammation of the lining of the lungs or the lining around the heart
    * Kidney damage, as noted by the presence of protein or other abnormal substances called casts in the urine
    * Seizures or psychosis
    * The presence of certain types of anemia and low counts of particular white blood cells
    * The presence of certain immune cells, anti-DNA antibodies, or a falsely positive test for syphilis
    * The presence of antinuclear antibodies.

    From your list I see 2 that match.

    Any way you should not feel the way you do, so you need to see your doctor and find out what is going on.

  13. Meka G

    My cousin is incarcerated at the Mississippi State Penitentiary in Sunflower County. He’s in for a non-violent?
    My cousin is incarcerated at the Mississippi State Penitentiary in Sunflower County. He’s in for a non-violent crime (false pretense). He’s being denied of medical treatment. He has a skin disease call Lupus. As of now, his condition has gotten worst. He’s running a fever over 100, sores in his mouth, and head is bleeding with sores. He has written three letters requesting to see a dermotostgist and has been denied. Do we have a case?

    1. Jon

      It depends to which type of case you are referring.

      They prison has an obligation to treat a patient for health problems. Especially with the severity of the condition (the fever and bleeding sores), I question the fact that he is being denied treatment.

      I would contact your state’s Bureau of Prisons (or whoever Mississippi’s governing body for prisons would be) and express your concerns.

      If you are looking to file a civil suit against the state, you really need to contact a lawyer in your state. They will be the best to speak with, and many will do a consultation with you for no/minimal costs; or, depending on your cousin’s income and financial resources, look for a pro bono legal agency. They will provide legal assistance for free/minimal costs.

      If your cousin decides to file suit against the state, he needs to document everything (and I mean everything). Dates/Times/Correction Officers’ names/requests/treatments/medications received. In a civil suit, a lot more burden will be placed upon him then if this were a criminal trial.

      But like I said, contact a local attorney for the best advice.

      Hope this helps & good luck!

  14. Lynne

    Does anyone else have Skin Lupus?
    I was diagnosed with Skin Lupus about a year ago. I was just wondering if anyone else here has this. I would like to find people to talk with about the various treatments and options they have tried. Basically, I am tired of feeling alone in this.

  15. bblahblah

    Please help. Sona Medspa owes me a full refund on services but they are avoiding me!?
    I recently purchased several laser hair removal packages & paid up front for them(total $6800 split between 2 credit cards). When I came in for my first treatment, they said they could not treat me because I have a history of skin lupus & they would need a note from my doctor. They apologized that they forgot to discuss this during the consultation. My doctor sent a note disapproving of the procedure at this time, so Sona Medspa told me that I am eligible for a refund.

    Before Xmas, I filled out their refund form, but they said their Clinical Manager has to process the refund (she won’t be back til after the holidays which is around Jan 5th.) I have called twice since Jan 5th & both times I am unable to get a hold of the consultant that helped me, they will not let me speak to their clinical manager, & that girl has not replied to my voicemails.

    Please help me with ideas on how to get them off their butts & process the refund. Or how can I scare them into not avoiding me! I really would like my refund so that I can use the money on something else!!!

    1. mgunnycappo

      Contact your credit card companies immediately and dispute the charges. Tell them that you didn’t receive the services that were promised by the charges. They will hold the money in suspense and contact the business for you. If they can’t prove that services were provide then the credit card company will refund your credit cards. It’s a pretty simple procedure.

      Good Luck

  16. wingsovgrace

    Have you been diagnosed with drug induced Lupus ?
    !0 years ago began having problem with elevated blood pressure. Was treated with the usually prescribed meds. Within the past ten years I have had a variety of unusual and often preplexing symptoms that the doctors couldn’t find good answers for. Lots of guesses and lots of unsuccessful treatments and increased frustration and misery until recently. The diagnosis is drug induced Lupus and it is believed to be caused by my blood pressure meds. Bingo. The symptoms have developed over the same period I’ve been on the meds. My question is: Any known effective alternatives for Blood Pressure Control? Anyone else with Lupus have bizarre skin and hair folllicle issues? Any one know a reputable doctor in Kansas City Missouri to advise on alternative treatments? Any one know of a web site to purchase alternative B/P treatments that you or someone you know have had personal experience with? Are there suggestions for a great support website for Lupus?

    1. Healing Oneself

      Hi WIngsOfGrace

      Here are some ideas to heal the issue. Also learning about detoxifying the blood by doing colon and liver cleanses will change your health forever.

      Food allergies (there is a 100 percent correlation between lupus and food allergies), rheumatoid arthritis, other connective tissue diseases, parasites, candidiasis, bowel problems, and digestive enzyme deficiencies can create symptoms that mimic or exacerbate SLE. Migraines, epilepsy, and psychoses must also be ruled out before a proper course of treatment can be decided upon.

      Both forms of lupus primarily strike young women (90% of cases) and young children.

      The drugs hydralazine, procainamide, and beta blockers can cause false-positive readings of SLE, and can also produce a lupus-like condition that disappears when the drugs are no longer taken. Birth control pills and environmental stresses can also exacerbate lupus symptoms.


      Natural Cures

      Diet: Eat an organic, whole foods diet. Also avoid overeating and limit your intake of dairy, beef products, and polyunsaturated oils. Also screen for food allergies and avoid all foods to which you are allergic or sensitive. Increase your intake of vegetables, especially green, yellow, and orange, and consume non-farm-raised fish several times a week.

      Herbs: Supplementation with Swedish bitters with each meal can increase hydrochloric acid production. Also drink an infusion of nettle twice a day. Other useful herbs include echinacea, goldenseal, licorice, pau d`arco, and red clover

      Hydrotherapy: Hydrotherapy is the application of water, ice, steam and hot and cold temperatures to maintain and restore health. Treatments include full body immersion, steam baths, saunas, sitz baths, colonic irrigation and the application of hot and/or cold compresses. Hydrotherapy is effective for treating a wide range of conditions and can easily be used in the home as part of a self-care program. Many Naturopathic Physicians, Physical Therapists and Day Spas use Hydrotherapy as part of treatment.

      Hyperthermia: Hyperthermia involves artificially creating fever in the body for the purpose of boosting immune function. Hyperthermia can be a highly effective method of eliminating toxins and heavy metals, as well as infectious bacteria and viruses that cannot survive in elevated body temperatures.

      *Purified water is essential for any hydrotherapy or hyperthermia treatment. Remedies for Treating Chlorinated Bath Water offers clear instructions and recommendations.

      Juice Therapy: Drink the juice of carrot, celery, flaxseed oil, black currant oil, and garlic.

      Nutritional Supplementation: Hydrochloric acid (HCL) deficiency is common in people with lupus, therefore HCL supplements with each meal is advised. Other useful nutrients include vitamin A with beta carotene, vitamin C and bioflavonoids, vitamin B complex, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, calcium, magnesium, selenium, zinc, essential fatty acids, proteolytic enzymes taken away from meals, digestive enzymes taken with meals, and the amino acids L-cysteine, L-methionine, and L-cystine.

      Topical Treatment: PABA cream applied topically can help ease symptoms.

      Best of health to you

  17. Anonymous

    Need help for my biology assignment?
    A 45 year old man came to the emergency department complaining about shortness of breath, chest pain which is came to the emergency department complaining about shortness of breath, chest pain which is severe by deep breathing of one week duration. he had generalize easy fatigability, malaise,skin rash that worsens with sun exposure, fever and joint pain for about three weeks prior to his current complaint. Physical examination revealed the following:
    General appearance: Acutely sick looking, in sever cardiorespiratory distress
    Respiratory rate 32 , Heart rate 112, Blood pressure 110/68, Temperature 37.8 C
    He has erythematous malar rash, decreased air entry on both sides of the lung, there is pericardial friction rub on the pericardium.
    The knee and wrist joints are swollen and painful.

    The attending physician ordered the following lab tests with the impression of Systemic lupus erythematosus.
    White blood count elevated, ESR (Sedimentation Rate) very elevated, Xray bilateral pleaural and mild pericardial effusion
    ANA and Anti Ds antibody positive.
    Then the patient was started with high dose prednisolone by the intravenous route and responded well to treatment after a couple of weeks.

    .What are the organ systems affected in this patient
    do you think the prednisolone helped the patient?
    What is the pathophysiology behind this illness?

    1. Anonymous

      Lupus is an autoimmune disease. Autoimmune diseases are when a persons own immune system messes up and doesn’t recognize part of the patients body and then attacks it as if it were an invader. This means, that the pathophysiology is that antibodies are created against the part of the patients own body. Normally, (normal physiology) antibodies are only created to recognize intruders, like viruses and bacteria. In systemic lupus erythematosus, the immune system generates antibodies against connective tissue, which is the stuff that holds your body together, like collagen, and cartilage.

      Prednisone should help the patient because it is a corticosteroid, which are drugs that regulate the immune system to reduce inflammation.

      If you want to read more, check out the Mayo Clinic’s website. It is a great resource for easy to understand info.

  18. Jewel

    What are the differences between Lupus, MS, and Fibromyalgia?
    I’ve been seeing the doctor lately to try to get a diagnosis finally for problems I’ve been having for over five years…everything from muscle tensing and spasming to shooting pain and sensitive skin.

    I had a blood test today that will determine if it might be Lupus, and I have an MRI coming up soon that will determine if it might be MS. The doctor says that fibromyalgia is a ‘rule-it-out’ diagnosis, that if nothing else fits, it’s fibro.

    What are the differences between these three disorders in symptoms, effects on daily life (I already know that whatever I have it effects me a LOT, making it difficult for me to do anything on some days but take some Vicodin and lay in bed), and treatment plans…also, what are the long-term prognosises for these disorders? Do any of them have a cure, or a management plan that relieves all symptoms?

    I am happy that I am finally getting all the testing done to get a diagnosis finally so we can begin treating the problems, but I am concerned…I have heard a lot about fibro (my sister-in-law has fibro, and my father had fibro), and a little about MS…neither seems good at all, and I don’t think either have a cure or total management of symptoms? I don’t know anything about Lupus, however.

    1. RightPet

      Hi – the three conditions are quite different in their underlying disease processes, but do produce some overlapping symptoms.

      Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an auto-immune disease of the central nervous system (CNS). In Multiple Sclerosis, inflammation of nervous tissue causes the loss of myelin, a fatty material which acts as a sort of protective insulation for the nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord. There are 5 basic types of MS and some of the more common symptoms include: fatigue, heat sensitivity, pain, spasticity (muscle cramps and spasms), cognitive problems, depression, balance and coordination problems and bowel & bladder symptoms. Symptoms will vary depending on the course of the illness, and according to the type of MS the individual has.

      Like MS, Lupus is also considered to be an autoimmune disease. For reasons that are not yet clear, in autoimmune diseases the immune system loses its ability to tell the difference between foreign substances (antigens) and its own cells and tissues. The immune system then makes antibodies directed against the “self.” These antibodies, called “auto-antibodies,” react with the “self” antigens to form immune complexes. The immune complexes build up in the tissues and can cause inflammation, injury to tissues, and pain. In contrast to some other autoimmune diseases, lupus can affect many parts of the body, including the joints, skin, kidneys, heart, lungs, blood vessels, and brain. Although people with the disease may have many different symptoms, some of the most common ones include extreme fatigue, painful or swollen joints (arthritis), unexplained fever, skin rashes, and kidney problems. For some people, lupus is a mild disease affecting only a few organs. For others, it may cause serious and even life-threatening problems.

      Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS; FM) is a common and chronic disorder characterized by widespread muscle pain, fatigue, and multiple tender points. Current thinking is that FMS probably begins with a genetic predisposition, and is triggered by exposure to a number of possible stressors – including physical injury or emotional trauma, childbirth, medical operations, viruses, bacteria such as mycoplasma, chronic allergies or chemical toxins. Pain is the most common Fibromyalgia symptom and is necessary for an official diagnosis. According to the American College of Rheumatology diagnostic guidelines, Fibromyalgia is characterized by widespread pain of three months duration or more and pain in 11 of 18 “tender points”. A tender point is a pressure point that, when pressed, feels sore. There are 18 defined tender, or pressure, points on various parts of the body, from the elbows down to the knees.

      As your doctor has explained, there are lab tests for MS and Lupus, but not for FMS. But a tender point exam with a doctor who is knowledgeable about FMS, along with your medical history of fatigue and pain, could quickly determine if FMS is what you are experiencing.

      Treatments for the 3 conditions are very different. The gold-standard treatments for MS are the 3 interferon meds, Copaxone and now a new med called Tysabri. Lupus has had fewer treatment innovations it seems – and Prednisone (a steroid), Plaquenil (an anti-malarial med), and some chemotherapy meds are the ones most commonly prescribed. FMS now has a couple of FDA approved meds – Cymbalta (Duloxetine), and antidepressant which helps with pain and fatigue, and Lyrica (Pregabalin), an anticonvulsant which helps with both symptoms too.

      Good luck in the diagnostic process – this can be so frustrating!

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