Premature loss of hair or baldness is hair loss that occur before stipulatd age. It occurs without any(idiopathic)and it is symptomatic as well.
Idiopathic alopecia premature:
It may occur at any age but rarely before the thirtieth year.One can compare it with senile atrophy that is without any known cause and beyond heredity. Most of the times,it attacks males. In cases of alopecia premature, the loss of hair is noted more than usual-shedding and one notices it on comb or pillows. The hair falling starts from temples and vertex and although the hair may re-grow, it is thin or less vigorous until it ceases to appear. The hairline at the sides of the forhead slowly goes on receding while center of forehead retains the hair for some time. The appearance of the forehead will be like an arch. In some cases, the entire length of hair on temples and forehead recede in a straight line and the forehead shines without hair. In other cases, the hair loss their strong appearance and go on thinning at temples over the whole of crown along with thinning at temples or thin hair extend their regime from vertex forward. Either of the stated preliminary processes occurs and finally baldnesson the head is noted under symmetrical conion of the progressive stat of this alopecia being untreated,gradual thinning of the hair,left on the scalp,ensues. This process of balding is never rapid and it is very seldom that the hair loss is replaced by growing of gray hair. There is no fast rule for all the frrowth and falling of hair and it depends upon individual to individual. But most of the times,it is seen that the sides and back of the head remains unaffected.
Symptomatic alopecia premature:
The baldness be permanent or temporay and all this depends upon the nature of alopecia with local and general etiological factors. In this type of alopecia, there has to be a cause.In case of permanent loss of hair, there may be local lesions of lupus erythematosis, scleroderma, syphilis, kerion, favus and folliclitis.
In case of temporay hair loss,it may be from localized ecema, psoriasis, some parasitic affections,erysipelas or superficial injuries, typhoid, small pox, excessive drugs intake, abuse of mercury, diabetes, syphilis, leprosy, tension and worries or mental shocks. The prominent feature of temporay hair loss is that it occurs not during the course of a disease but during the convalescence period. In most of the cases,baldfness is temporay and its symptom ius tinning of the hair at scalp and other hairy parts. The fall of hair may be rapid,or slow and persistent.
Emploing correct natrition, regular exercise. Local care of scalp and washing the hair at proper intervals may arrest the condition of alopecia. Local condition may be treated specifically. One should avoid frequent washing of hair,if there is no dandruff. Use of hard shampoos to clean the scalp should be avoided. Some young men are in the habit of wettingt the hair before combing so as to set the hair at desired level of head and make the hair-style. This should not be done. The combs and brushes should be used individually and these are not to be shared with other persons of the family. Each one should have his or her individual set of combs or brushes. The head covering should only be used when going out in the sun or rains. The caps,hats or cloth covrs should be light and well ventilated. Fresh air and light are most important for promoting the vigor of hair. Wearin g tight clips, artificial hair,curling the hair and use of hair dryer should be avoided.
Massage of scalp is one of the best methods to correct alopecia. It should be done with light hands for two to three minutes every day and every night. Exercise of the necki along with massage is useful for increasing blood circulation of the scalp. Exercise includes turning head to right side and then to left side for at least five times. Cleaning and washing with any non-irritating shampoo or soap hair every week or twice a week is essential in Indian climatic conditions. After washing complete drying(natural)is a must and then oil can be applied.