Jaundice is not a disease but rather a sign that can occur in many different diseases. Jaundice is the yellowish staining of the skin and sclerae (the whites of the eyes) that is caused by high levels in blood of the chemical bilirubin. The color of the skin and sclerae vary depending on the level of bilirubin. When the bilirubin level is mildly elevated, they are yellowish. When the bilirubin level is high, they tend to be brown.

Jaundice is common in newborn babies and will usually clear without treatment. However, for adults the symptoms of jaundice usually indicate damage to the liver. If the cause of the jaundice is not treated, liver failure can result.

Sings and Symptoms of Jaundice

A simple test for jaundice is to gently press your fingertip on the tip of your child’s nose or forehead. If the skin shows white (this test works for all races) there is no jaundice; if it shows a yellowish color, you should contact your child’s doctor to see if significant jaundice is present.

Breast Milk Jaundice — A very small number of breastfed babies, roughly 1percent to 2 percent, develop jaundice because of substances in their mother’s breast milk that cause their bilirubin levels to rise.

Infant jaundice commonly lasts for a week to 10 days in full-term newborns. If your baby is premature or if you breast-feed your baby, jaundice may last longer.

Jaundice may occur with the breakdown of red blood cells due to hemolytic disease of the newborn (Rh disease), having too many red blood cells, or bleeding.

Physiological Jaundice — This type of jaundice affects 50percent to 60 percent of full-term newborns in their first week, typically three to five days after birth. It occurs when a baby’s liver is not able to sufficiently process bilirubin. Typically this condition disappears within one to two weeks. Because their livers are less mature, preterm babies are more frequently affected by this form of jaundice.

Treatment of Jaundice

Since jaundice is a symptom, not a specific disorder, treatment for it depends on its cause. This can range from the removal of gallstones or tumors to antibiotics to treat infections, to liver transplant in cases where the liver is severely damaged. However, for conditions like cirrhosis and chronic hepatitis, which are lifelong problems, jaundice may be permanent or recurring.

Exchange blood transfusion. Rarely, when severe jaundice doesn’t respond to other treatments, a baby may need an exchange transfusion of blood. This involves repeatedly withdrawing small amounts of blood, “diluting out” the bilirubin and maternal antibodies, and then transferring blood back into the baby a€” a procedure that’s performed in a newborn intensive care unit.

Jaundice in newborns must be treated if it becomes severe as deposits can cause permanent brain damage. In all other cases, it is not the jaundice that needs to be treated but the underlying condition. When/if the condition resolves, then the jaundice will resolve as well. If an obstruction is present, surgery may be necessary.

Light therapy (phototherapy). Your baby may be placed under a special ultraviolet light or wrapped in a fiber-optic blanket of light. The light changes the bilirubin into a form that can be eliminated by your baby’s kidneys. Newborns with jaundice typically receive phototherapy for several days.


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8 Comments on Symptoms Of Lupus In Teenagers

  1. bvtc6677 says:

    white blood cell count?
    My teenagers white blood count went from a 4 to a 12 in less than a week. The doctor whats to see us again and I am concerned. What could cause this? Is it a symptom of lupus for it to suddenly change?

  2. DrasticGame says:

    Do you think I have leukemia?
    Over a day ago I pulled down my pants to go to the bathroom and was shocked to see my thighs covered in tiny little pinhead-sized spots, which I’m pretty sure are called petichiae. No reason I would have gotten those that I can think of. Also, I’ve been feeling very achy for the past week, like I was doing strenuous exercise and pulled my muscles everywhere- except I’ve been very lazy for the past few weeks and haven’t been in the mood to do anything at all, so I definitely shouldn’t feel achy. A few days ago I had a bad nosebleed (I didn’t hit my nose or anything, it just started bleeding) and for the past few weeks, there’s been blood in my mucous (I figured I had a cold, but it’s been sticking around and I’ve noticed blood in the mucous).

    I wouldn’t have known this was a symptom of leukemia except for the fact that- yes, this was stupid- I entered my symptoms into one of those online medical things and the only result it showed for all these was leukemia. So naturally I start reading about leukemia and the warning signs are exactly what I have, so I’m definitely a bit worried.

    Oddly, the main reason I keep thinking it *can’t* be leukemia is because I already have enough medical problems- I have epilepsy, and used to have lupus! And those aren’t even related to leukemia! And I’m only seventeen! I can’t handle this!

    But I don’t want to go to the doctor to check for sure because (yes, I’m an idiot) I’m a cutter and was cutting about a week ago and still have the marks (nothing deep, just scratches really, have been doing it for two years, and while it’s not a good thing, I’ve been getting it under control and doing it less and less… it’s just the stress from the lupus and the epilepsy thing, among other, more normal teenager things, were getting to me…) so I don’t want him to examine me now.

    What do you think? Is it likely I have something serious like leukemia, or can I wait a few weeks until my cuts have healed up and then go to the doctor just to check for my peace of mind?

    Thanks.

  3. Mrs. Duck says:

    Can a person develop “asian flush” also known as “alcohol flush” in their early twenties?
    I drank as a teenager with nothing more than the usual hangover effect. I would process alcohol rather quickly, getting hungover within a few hours of drinking rather than just the next morning. Around 20 years old it was discovered that I was having seizures, and it was believed alcohol could be contributing. Then, about a year ago, when I was 22, I realized that even ONE drink would immediately leave me sick.

    I get flushed, with my ears and cheeks turning red. My heart starts to palpitate, and I immediately have such severe dizziness that I have to sit down. My head hurts to. Within 15-20 minutes I’m running to the bathroom because of the runs, and nauseated for hours (sometimes dry heaving or actually vomiting.)

    Obviously I’ve decided not to drink, and actually did stop for a year. Saturday night I was having a hard time, and did one shot with my friends. The above chain reaction immediately occured, and I ended up at home on my couch feeling like I was dying.

    The doctors think I have Lupus, so I don’t drink, or ever intend on drinking again, I’m just wondering what could cause such a crazy array of symptoms in someone who never had problems with alcohol consumption before. (Minus one bleeding ulcer in college.)

  4. Walton says:

    Autoimmune Disorders? Particularly for those with medical backgrounds…?
    A loved one of mine – a female in her 20s – has an undiagnosed medical issue and I’m seeking ideas.

    We’ve been to countless doctors, many of which agree it may be some sort of autoimmune disorder, but what it is exactly has been difficult to pinpoint. It started around 2 years ago when various sores/scabs started appearing on her arms and legs. These really weren’t/aren’t as ghastly as they might sound – they were your average run-of-the-mill sore: circular in nature, ranging from around the size of a pencil eraser to 2 or 3 times that large…Initially it was thought there might have been some practical cause surrounding them, such as scraping herself accidentally in the kitchen or while asleep. But as time went on, we realized that this wasn’t the case. Some have healed, but only slowly and leaving faint scars…Others have yet to heal and new ones begin….There might be a half dozen on each leg/arm…The only other syptom is slight fatigue, as she has known she is borderline anemic since she was a teenager.

    Anyway, we’ve been to GPs, dermatoligist, allergist, and at least one other specialist. They have ran ANA blood tests, CBC blood tests, taken biopsies for cancer, tested for lupus (a suspected culprit for a while because she’s had family members with this condition), tested for autoimmune disorders,
    tested for allergies, gluten tests, and much more…

    None of this yielded anything really…We found out about some light allergies she has, but nothing significant enough to trigger this…Recently went in again and run some of the same tests over again, still awaiting test results, but not extremely hopeful since we’ve been through this before and there is supposedly a great deal of accuracy with most of these tests.

    So any ideas ? Do this sound auto-immune in nature or more like a environmental cause such as a food allergy ? If its autoimmune what might it be ? Given the duration and no other side effects might that point to anything ? None of these symptoms have greatly altered her lifestyle, she still maintains a job and attends graduate school, but its been psychologically stresful for all of us…Any help is appreciated.
    Some are in fact cystic in nature, and her mother had ovarian issues.

    • Bco4th6th says:

      I don’t know whether this will help, but one of the first things I would is to start preventive treatments that will either take care of some unknown issue or rule it out.

      This sounds complicated, I know – and I apologize.

      What I mean is, around 75% of people’s health problems that aren’t inherited or injury-related are caused by unintentional dehydration – low water and salt levels. Water and salt make up about 75% of the body’s tissues (the number is just a coincidence), 85% of the brain and 94% of the blood.

      Because the medical community has convinced them that water has little or no nutritional value and is therefore unimportant, and because they warn people to cut back on salt, people are developing health problems that never existed only decades before.

      The current advice that doctors give is to “drink plenty of fluids”. But “fluids” don’t necessarily translate into “water”, and since water is unexciting, people opt for soft drinks, coffee, energy drinks and other alternatives. These drinks do not supply the body with the needed water, even though they may contain water. This is a common misconception that is fueled by the doctors’ advice (they went to medical school, so they couldn’t possibly be wrong). These drinks act like a diuretic and actually pull water out of the body at a rate of nearly 50% more than the water they’re providing.

      The body runs on water, and it won’t accept anything else (other than some natural fruit juices in small to moderate amounts).

      Click on the link below to learn the proper way to correct dehydration.

      One other thing you might consider is Oil of Wild Oregano and/or some other natural herb. Oil of Oregano kills harmful bacteria and is effective on many viruses. If this is the problem that your loved one has, this stuff should take care of it.

      The best thing is, both of these treatments (water/salt and oil of oregano) are natural and has no side effects other than improving ones health. They are completely compatible with any prescription or over-the-counter medication a person may be taking.

  5. leegee01 says:

    Help identifying a condition that involves joint pain & swelling along w/ a raised rash only over the joints?
    Starting when I was about 12 years old, I have occasionally had bouts with a strange, unidentified illness. It starts with a little bit of stiffness in the mornings, and progresses over a period of days until the joints are VERY swollen and aching in the mornings, along with a raised, reddish colored rash over each of the affected joints. The raised welts fade down as the day progresses, but the redness and itchiness over the joints remains, along with stiffness and joint pain. Each morning, the joint pain, stiffness, and rash over the joints is worse than the day before.
    It usually starts with the knuckles and wrists of both hands, and progresses to include the elbows, ankles, toes, knees, and even the jaw. Each time the illness has presented, I have seen a doctor who has been completely mystified. I am usually prescribed an anti-inflammatory medicine of some variety to alleviate the symptoms. Once I take a few doses, all symptoms disappear. After the first onset, the length of time between symptoms has been longer each time. As a teenager, it would be a few months apart, and as I got older, more and more years pass between symptoms appearing. The only symptoms are the joint pain and raised welts over the joints – no fever or pain anywhere else.

    Due to the fact that the symptoms are the worst when I first wake up and fade some during the day, along with the fact that all symptoms disappear once I take any medications to alleviate the pain and itching, no one has been able to diagnose it. When there are no symptoms, doctors can’t find a thing wrong with me. Does anyone have any idea what this could be?

    (I am familiar with lupus, lyme disease, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, etc. Doctors have all told me that my symptoms are atypical for those diseases.)
    A point of clarification – I haven’t had a flare up with this in years, so I’m not looking for a way to treat it. I just want to know what it could be, or if anyone else has experienced the same symptoms. A number of doctors and specialists have told me they’ve never seen anything like it.

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