Constellation has been a major part of life in the ancient times ever since humans started to observe the night sky. Pioneers of sea navigation always depend their perilous voyage by looking up to the sky to guide them as they fare along treacherous waters. Star gazers, priest and wise men of the ancient world use these groups of stars as their basis for their daily actions. Mythology tried to explain their existence and significance in terms of stories, legends and symbols.

In contemporary astronomy, constellation is defined as an area celestial spheres, characterized by accurate boundaries. Constellation could also be referred to as prominent visible heavenly bodies that seem to create a certain pattern in a specific area. In modern era, International Astronomical Union (IAU) parts the sky into eighty-eight (88) official constellations with exact borders; to define every direction or place in sky would be defined by a constellation.

The Eighty-eight Modern constellation

International Astronomical Union set the eighty-eight (88) official constellations. Majority of constellations are based upon the ancient Greek tradition passed down through the Middle Ages. It includes the famous ‘Zodiac Signs’ or the twelve (12) constellations which the sun passes and have had special cultural significance. The rest consist of constellations which were defined during the early modern era by astronomers who gazed and studied the skies in the southern hemisphere, which the Greeks did not see. The following are the eighty-eight Modern constellations (in alphabetical order):

1.Andromeda
2.Antlia
3.Apus
4.Aquarius
5.Aquila
6.Ara
7.Aries
8.Auriga
9.Bootes
10.Caelum
11.Camelopardalis
12.Cancer
13.Canes Venatici
14.Canis Major
15.Canis Minor
16.Capricornus
17.Carina
18.Cassiopeia
19.Centaurus
20.Cepheus
21.Cetus
22.Chamaeleon
23.Circinus
24.Columba
25.Coma Berenices
26.Corona Australis
27.Corona Borealis
28.Corvus
29.Crater
30.Crux
31.Cygnus
32.Delphinus
33.Dorado
34.Draco
35.Equuleus
36.Eridanus
37.Fornax
38.Gemini
39.Grus
40.Hercules
41.Horologium
42.Hydra
43.Hydrus
44.Indus
45.Lacerta
46.Leo
47.Leo Minor
48.Lepus
49.Libra
50.Lupus
51.Lynx
52.Lyra
53.Mensa
54.Microscopium
55.Monoceros
56.Musca
57.Norma
58.Octans
59.Ophiuchus
60.Orion
61.Pavo
62.Pegasus
63.Perseus
64.Phoenix
65.Pictor
66.Pisces
67.Piscis Austrinus
68.Puppis
69.Pyxis
70.Reticulum
71.Sagitta
72.Sagittarius
73.Scorpius
74.Sculptor
75.Scutum
76.Serpens
77.Sextans
78.Taurus
79.Telescopium
80.Triangulum
81.Triangulum Australe
82.Tucana
83.Ursa Major
84.Ursa Minor
85.Vela
86.Virgo
87.Volans
88.Vulpecula

Throughout history, there are some discovered constellations that had been removed from the list. Some were tagged or considered as obsolete or former constellations. These groups of celestial bodies are no longer recognized by International Astronomical Union for several reasons. A classic example would be Ptolemy’s Argo Navis. Due to its large size, it was divided to four (4) constellations by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille namely: Vela, Pyxis, Puppis and Carina.

Constellations significance is defined and derived from cultural and mythological aspects. One of the constellation that has historical prestige is Aries.

The Constellation Aries

Aries’ implication is related to one of the most beautiful legend in Greek mythology. It is related to the Golden Fleece that Jason and the Argonauts desperately searched. According to Ptolemy’s description, Aries has been described as a ‘Ram’ lying down with its head turned to the right. Aries has also been dubbed, though not that clear, as the ‘Agrarian Worker’. Some sources asserted that early astronomers attributed the season of spring to Aries based on its position, thus considering Aries as the ‘First House’ that occupied the sun in its annual way. Discovery of Aries could have had happened during the Ancient times but as per documentation, Aries had been listed by Ptolemy 150 A.D.


3 thoughts on “The Discovery Of The Constellation Aries

  1. Annie

    Hi my vet says my dog may have lupus and wants a biopsy at $600 says thats the only way to tell?
    Hi MY 4 YEAR OLD MIN PIN HAS SORES IN THE CORNERS OF HIS MOUTH. ITS ALMOST AS IF HIS MOUTH IS TOO SMALL AND WHEN HE OPENS IT TOO WIDE IT RIPS AT THE CORNERS. SCABS FORM AND HEALING LOOKS LIKE IT OCCURS BUT IT IS A CONSTANT CONDITION and HE ALWAYS HAS SORES. THIS HAS BEEN GOING ON FOR A YEAR. VET SAID GIVE HIM BENADRYL DAILY AS THESE ARE JUST ALLERGIES. (benedryl does not help) NOW THE INNER CORNERS OF HIS EYES ARE OPENING AND LOOK SORE. THE EYE IS NOT AFFECTED JUT THE INNER CORNERS LIKE WHERE WE WOULD RUB SLLEP FROM OUR EYES. NO PUS BUT LOOKS WATERY NO SCABBING THERE. NOW THIS VET SAYS CANINE LUPUS AND GAVE HIM ANTIBIOTICS to try. MY DOG TOOK THESE FOR 10 DAYS AND HIS EYES CLEARED UP AND APPEARED NORMAL. NOW TWO WEEKS LATER SORES ARE BACK. DOC SAYS BIOPSY . ONLY WAY TO TELL. DO YOU HAVE ANY SUGGESTIONS? I DONT SEE THESE SYMPTOMS WHEN i LOOK UP CANINE LUPUS. PLEASE HELP IF YOU CAN AND TELL ME WHAT YOU THINK IT MIGHT BE AND ALSO IS AN EXPENSIVE BIOPSY THE ONLY WAY TO TELL?? BLOOD TESTS WONT PROVIDE ANSWER?. THANKS

  2. karl j

    What r canine lupus symptoms, what is prognosis. Need to add to the Vets knowledge hopefully?
    my Boston Terrier/Shiz-tsu is at vets he is unable to locate cause of flucuating fever, some drooling, lack of appetite.White blood cell count at the bottom of the scale. All other tests (kidneys, Liver) coming back normal. Was being treated to some infection in esophogus being given anti-biotics. Would like to offer vet an alternative diagnosis

    1. Pam

      Systemic Lupus Erythematosus(SLE): is one of several diseases known as “the great imitators” because its symptoms vary so widely it often mimics or is mistaken for other illnesses, and because the symptoms come and go unpredictably. Diagnosis can be elusive, with patients sometimes suffering unexplained symptoms and untreated SLE for years. Common initial and chronic complaints are fever, malaise, joint pains, myalgias and fatigue.

      Discoid Lupus symptoms: normally starts as loss of pigment around the nose. There may be scabby sores or just scaling of the nasal tissue. The surface of the nose may change from its typical cobblestoned appearance to a smooth surface.

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