Diabetes or diabetes mellitus is an autoimmune disease. In autoimmune diseases, the body attacks its own organs, immune system, blood, or cells. Diabetes is a chronic disease and is considered a metabolic disorder wherein the body suffers problems in producing or using insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas and is required in order to absorb and store glucose into the cells. The stored glucose is converted into energy as the body needs it. There are a few types of diabetes and the most common type is diabetes type 2. Below are the types of diabetes and a little background to help you understand the disease.
Diabetes Type 1
Diabetes type 1 is known as the insulin-dependent type of diabetes. It begins early at a young age (childhood-onset) or at the age of young adulthood. In this type of diabetes, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin. The insulin that the pancreas produces may be very little to none. Because the body needs insulin, diabetes type 1 requires a daily insulin administration. Insulin administration could be in the form of injectable or pump type.
Diabetes Type 2
Diabetes type 2 is the non-insulin dependent type of diabetes. This is also the type of diabetes that starts later on in life and can be called late-onset or adult-onset diabetes. However, due to the increasing number of kids with obesity and excess weight, more teenagers are reported to develop diabetes type 2. In this type of diabetes, the body's cells become insulin resistant.
Gestational diabetes is the type of diabetes that develops and occurs to women during pregnancy. Most gestational diabetes cases occur during the third trimester of the pregnancy. Women who have had gestational diabetes have higher risk of developing diabetes type 2.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), diabetes will be the seventh leading cause of death worldwide by the year of 2030. And because diabetes type 2 accounts for 90 percent of diabetes cases worldwide, it is important to be educated about it so we would have a better understanding on how to avoid and prevent it, and how to manage it if one already has it. Below are just some of the facts about diabetes type 2.
Obesity or having an overweight condition can be a high risk factor to develop diabetes type 2.
In diabetes type 2, a genetic mutation occurs which causes a person to develop the disease, although scientists have not identified yet what the exact mutation is. Diabetes type 2 develops when that genetic mutation occurs. That mutation does not happen to everyone so not everyone can get the disease.
Although diabetes type 2 is the non-insulin type of diabetes, some people with this type of diabetes does not produce enough insulin.
Tips to Help You Manage and Control Diabetes
If not well managed, any diabetes could lead to complications and worse, death. Read on these tips for some help on dealing with the disease.
A strong support group. Educate yourself, your family and close friends for better understanding and for your support group to be stronger.
Exercise regularly. Even healthy people benefit from exercise.
Eat healthy and avoid excessive eating. Yes, it feels good to indulge, but control your eating habits and do not overindulge. Anything in excess is harmful.
Lose weight if you are overweight. To achieve and maintain your ideal weight, practice tip numbers 2 and 3.
Regular check-ups and visits to your physician. Even if you don't have diabetes, annual physical check-up is important.